Hinduism week two
Hinduism week two REL 279-31
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Olivia Notetaker on Saturday January 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to REL 279-31 at La Salle University taught by Professor Julie Regan in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see Hinduism: Yoga/ Dharma/ Devotion in Religious Studies at La Salle University.
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Date Created: 01/30/16
Hinduism- week two notes January 25, 2016 - Ganesh- Shiva/S(with dash above)iva’s & Paravati/Devi’s son o Deva’s (masculine)/Devi (feminine) o God of auspicious beginnings and removal of obstacles (good luck) o Paravati created Ganesh and Shiva got jealous and cut off Ganesh’s head. Paravati made Shiva put the first thing he saw (an elephant head) on Ganesh to bring him back to life or else she would destroy the world (which she could because Devi’s are extremely powerful and fierce) o He is an icon; they stand for something; icons are not idols- after purpose of icon is used, they can throw it out, the use of it is over (they invite divinity into icon/painting for use, then invite it to leave when done with it, and throw it out) Ganesh milk offering- all milk offered was gone…seen as a miracle - Hinduism named by Persians…Persians called it Hind. Hindus are the people from Hind (very diverse but accepting of diversity) - Dalits- “untouchables”, people didn’t touch them cause they thought if they did, they would be polluted (seen as a problem because Hindus are so accepting of diversity) - Hinduism= 3 largest religion today o A people, a religion, and a culture with respect for many forms o Related traditions and ideas that change over time: dharma, karma (“action” focused on caste/duty), yoga (meditation), samsara (repeating/endless cycle of lives and rebirth/reincarnation), moksha (“liberation” from samsara) - Human problem according to Hinduism: different in the different traditions (with certain ideas in common) and different dimensions of religion used as solutions - 3 main forms of Hinduism and 3 problems/solutions: 1) Vedic Hinduism- ritual and purity/dharma/peace; 2) Late Vedic Hinduism- philosophical/ascetic/yoga; 3) Classical Hinduism- devotional (love songs/dances) (most popular now) - Pre-history: Indus Valley Civilization o Lots of goddess statues and statues in yoga positions (could it have started here?) o Vedic period: order out of chaos January 27 - Yoga = Practice of certain deprivations of the body, contorting body into positions, a union (focusing on combining body and mind in one) for spirituality, meditation o Absorbs many influences - Statues of Jesus in Hinduism cause they accept a lot of diversity o He is an avatar Vishnu- comes down to Earth in human form - Tradition does not mean no change- religions are living adapting things - Dharma goes from beginning to end - We don’t know much about Indus Valley - What are the sources of what we know as yoga today? - Sanatana dharma (external “duty”) (yoga comes from external sources) o This is what Hinduism IS - Vedic period- order out of chaos o 1500 BCE-500BCE o Ritual (Karma-action) o Purity (class/form of society) o Dharma (duty) - Shruti- hear and interpret what Vedas are considered - Upanishads- first text that describe yoga (in a general way) o Very late from of Vedas o Started OM= a u m (sacred sound) o Brahman: supreme being, light that shines behind all forms of God o Atman= self/soul o Yoga- yoking/union/connects mind and body Understanding soul and deepest level connects you to Brahman Introduces you to self - Early Vedic period: Dharma for everyday life - Late Vedic: philosophy: Upanishads; who am I? Meaning of rituals? Gods? Connecting Atman (soul) with Brahman (divine) o Philosophical, experimental, practical- studying with the guru, practicing asceticism - Mudras= “seal” specific way of holding - Krishnamacharya- combined primitive gymnastics and hatha yoga - Is yoga a spiritual/religious practice as it gets transformed? - 3 Central Gods- Shiva (divine destruction) (Shivites= followers of Shiva), Vishnu (preserver), Brahma (creator) - Western movement of yoga started by women o Indra Devi= mother of western yoga
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