2.2 Greek Religion , 2.3 Oedipus
2.2 Greek Religion , 2.3 Oedipus FDWLD101-01
Popular in World Foundations 1
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Department
verified elite notetaker
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Danae Sorensen on Saturday January 30, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FDWLD101-01 at a university taught by Brother Yost in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 142 views.
Reviews for 2.2 Greek Religion , 2.3 Oedipus
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 01/30/16
2.2 Greek Religion Religion - Hesiod Theogony help standardize pantheon and mythology - Plato and Herodotus: - produced own grouping of Olympian Gods - centered of the number twelve - dodecathon - Olympians: Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Demeter, Athena, Dionysus, Apollo, Artemis, Ares, Aphrodite, Hephaestus, Hermes - Hades - not on Mt Olympus - not always included in dodecathon - Plato links 12 zodiacs to the months of the year. Cults Mystery Cults - Greek religious practice - Far back as Mycenaean Era - Initiation into a ritual and ceremony - Done with covenant not to reveal the rituals to the uninitiated - Important Hellenic Mystery Cults: - The Eleusinian Mysteries: - 1500 BC - worship of Demeter (Goddess of Fertility) and her daughter Persephone - Persephone was taken by Hades, which caused a famine - Orphic Mysteries: - Orpheus (musician): could tame wild beasts or stop waves by enchantment through music - hoped to gain advantage over death - Other initiate religions: - Cult of Mithras: - Persian Mythology - knowledge through its art and iconography - Mithras is depicted as slaying a cosmic bull - shown hosting a feast for the sun God - shown rising from the ground with a torch in one hand and a sword in the other - rituals and teachings are centered in death - Cult of Isis: - centered on Isis’ magical power to resurrect individuals and lead to eternal life - widely popular - temples built throughout Mediterranean region - parallel to the virgin Mary - Offers a window into popular religion - centered upon death, rebirth/resurrection, and life - involved initiation and covenant not to reveal to the uninitiated - shows the Hellenic world blended and adopted Greek, Persian, and Egyptian belief and practice 2.3 Oedipus Hellenic Literature and Drama Archaic Period (800-500 BC) - Homer and Hesiod - Forms of epic poetry - preserved Minoan and Mycenaean culture - stories and legends - Transitional era - Period of cultural awakening Homer - Asia Minor tradition - Iliad and Odyssey - Stories that had been told for years and finally written down - Most influential literature in history - The Iliad: - decade long war - Achaean and Kingdom of Troy th - early 12 century - originally a trade dispute - Paris: son of King Priam; prince of Troy - Helen: queen of Sparta; beauty given by Aphrodite; wife of King Menelaus - Paris and Helen are in love and ran away together to Troy - Achaeans go to Troy to receive Helen - Troy’s walls are tall and strong - for 10 years the Achaeans try to bring down walls - Heros occasionally does battle with Trojans - Hector holds the inside the city walls - (action is not important, the debate and dialogue challenge Greek values) - Hector is killed by Achilles - Odysseus has the idea of the Trojan horse - journey home: The Odyssey - Odyssey is clever and patient (thought to be better than better than any king or warrior - The Odyssey: - journey home of King Odysseus of Ithaca - 10 years to get back home - while doing so he offends the Gods (mainly Poseidon) - his wife, Penelope, thinks he is dead but still turns away any suitors - his son, Telemachus, looks for his lost father - Odysseus avoids evil tempting and traps of Gods and Goddesses, he survives monsters, goes through the underworld, has no more pride and accepts the Gods will - What does a Greek spouse do? - Odysseus was gone for 20 years - He doubts Penelope’s loyalty - rediscover their love in a bed he made out of a tree - What does a good Greek son or a good Greek father do? - Telemachus never gives up hope of finding his father - Odysseus reveals himself to his son first - What does a good Greek believer do? - Odysseus can only return if he accepts the will of the Gods Hesiod - Works and Days, Theogony - Defined course of history from the earth’s creation to his own day - Revealed religious rituals and custom - Revealed economics as a science - Works and Days: - “what does a good Greek do in the face of scarcity?” - emphasizes virtue of honesty and goes against injustice and corruption - Key myths: ~ Prometheus taught humans how to make fire ~ the Five ages of Man 1. Golden age: Chronos created the earth 2. Silver age: Zeus and Titans overthrew Chronos; Zeus made man from an ash tree 3. Bronze age: humans used bronze tools; age ended with a great flood 4. Heroic age: battles of Troy and Aeschylus 5. Iron age: age of toil and misery - Theogany - Mythology and cosmetology - Gaia (earth), Tartarus (dark cave under the earth), Eros (love) - appeared in universe in chaos and formless void - Enuma Elish: Mesopotamian account of the creation - influences Pre-Socratics and Aristotle Theater and Drama - Religious celebration - Aeschylus: father of tragedy - Sophocles: most successful playwright (approximately 123 plays) - Drama is very important in Athens - Dionysia: festival that lasted 5 days - 3 types of Drama: - tragedy: serious; pity and fear; ends badly - comedy: unrealistic action; bad to good; ends well - satyr play: Satyrs; nymph-chasing scenes; drinking; jokes; parties - Sophocles Theban tragedies: Oedipus Tyrannus, Oedipus at Colonus, Antigone - Central theme of fate and free will - Oedipus son of King Laius and Queen Jocasta of Thebes - Tiresias: blind prophet - prophesies that the King and Queens son will kill his father and marry his mother - T leaves O bound on a hillside as a small child - O is found and is taken to the King and Queen of Corinth (they havnt been able to have kids) - When O grows up he finds out about the prophecy and leaves his “parents” - While is self-exile, O meets a stranger that threatens him and so he kills him - O meets the Sphinx (a creature that eats the people of Thebes) - The Sphinx asks O a riddle - O solves the riddle and the Sphinx power is destroyed and the city of Thebes is free - O is the savior of the town and marries the newly widowed Queen Jocasta and becomes king - Years later he finds out that he married his mom and the man he killed was his dad - She hangs herself - O finds her and blinds himself with her broaches - (the violent action didn’t happen on stage) - O exiles himself again - The next story? Oedipus at Colonus - about the former king - returns to the Gods with honor - becomes a hero God -
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'