Intro to Psychological Science Week 4 Notes Winter Quarter
Intro to Psychological Science Week 4 Notes Winter Quarter PSYCH 1001 - 02
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Matthew Stein Oakley on Sunday January 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 1001 - 02 at University of Denver taught by UNI Staff in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Denver.
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Date Created: 01/31/16
Milestones of Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development: Object permanence (Sensorimotor) Theory of Mind (Preoperational) Overcoming egocentrism (Concrete Operational) Conservation (Concrete Operational) o Learn reversibility of operations Abstract thinking (Formal Operational) Modifications to Piaget’s Theory: Progression through stages is not abrupt o Stages are sequential If asked the right way, children can demonstrate many milestones much earlier than Piaget predicted Moral Development – Lawrence Kohlberg’s stage theory of moral development Preconventional (7 years) o Avoid punishment/ gain rewards Conventional ( 10 years) o Actions are moral if they conform to existing social rules Postconventional (Adolescence) o Follow a set of general ethical principles that reflect one’s personal core values Correlation between moral reasoning and moral behavior - 120 Junior High School students were given a chance to cheat in a game. - Stages: o Preconventional (75%) o Conventional (65%) o Postconventional (20%) Moral intuitionist position – Jonathan Haidt - Moral reasoning is much different than making actual moral judgements - Moral judgements are based on our emotional reactions to situations - They are automatic processes that are made quickly and intuitively, much like aesthetic judgments - We may come up with good arguments to support our moral judgments, but those arguments were probably developed after making the judgment - When people’s brains were scanned while making decisions like these, the emotion areas of the brain were activated only in the body-pushing type of moral dilemma. Social Development: Attachment Attachment: o An emotional bond with a primary caregiver o Imprinting at birth in animals Differences between imprinting in birds and attachment in humans: o Newborn infants cannot “follow” their primary caregiver. Instead they give signals to draw the caregiver to them. o Attachment is not time limited as is imprinting o Attachment is not automatic. The quality of attachment depends on the primary caregiver’s responsiveness. Ainsworth’s STRANGE SITUATION task to assess attachment style: Baby in room with mom and stranger enters. Mom leaves the room briefly, then returns. How does the baby react? Secure attachment – 60% o The infant plays comfortably and explores the environment when mom is there. May be upset when mom leaves, but is easily comforted when she returns. Insecure attachment – 40% o The infant may be very stressed when mom leaves, but refuse to go to her when she returns, or may not be at all distressed when she leaves and does not acknowledge her when she returns.
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