History 150: Classical Greece
History 150: Classical Greece History 150
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tera Frame on Sunday January 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 150 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Malone in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 01/31/16
January 1315 2016 Sources 1 Primary Sources documents letters menus memoirs images photos posters ads artifacts from the time and place under study we will mostly use primary sources and use them in historical context 2 Secondary Sources not told from the original source ex textbook Classical Greece Political and Cultural Developments In the CityState of Athens 50033854th c BC Athenssmall approx 1 square mile The Political System mid5th c 0 Unique Democratic System Direct Democracy All male citizens over the age of 18 could participate in the political system in Athens not everyone could vote only about 43000 men 0 The Assembly core of Democracy in Athens Anyone eligible to vote could show up to meetings about every 10 days time consuming Made laws decided upon taxes expenditure of public funds war and peace 0 The Jury System one of Athen s most signi cant contributions to western civilization Male citizens over 30 could serve took volunteers to serve Jury panels chosen by lot for each case Jurors selected on the actual day to avoid bribery Each man would put a bronze ticket in slots stone and behind the scenes they would randomly select using black and white balls Size ofjuries min of 201 max of 601 random to avoid ties These can be con icting because a lack of time due to work people had to work to make money so they were often unable to participate Pericles reform mid 5th c o Offered money average day s wage to compensate and encourage people to participate Ostracism 0 Protected Athens from quotoverly ambitiousquot politicians who might want to take over only occurred about a dozen times used sparingly 0 Process Assembly votes once a year if an ostracism should be held in the spring Each person at the ostracism would be given a piece of pottery like a piece of scratch paper and scratched the name of the person they wanted to ostracize One with the most votes would be ostracized lived in exile for 10 years 10 days after the initial vote Perspectives of the Political System 0 Pericles All are equal before the law as far as men go at least Your ability is more important than the social group you come from More inclusive system does not exclude the poor because they pay for participation in the political system 0 Plato The Republic 0 He didn t think that the common man was capable of sensible participation in politics 0 They lacked wisdom was not guided by reason but rather by desWe The common man chose leaders for nonessential reasons such as persuasive speech good looks wealth and family background Plato believed that the duties of government should only be performed by the philosophers who would approach human problems with reason and wisdom Classical Sculpture and Architecture 0 Archaic style of sculpture 6th c preclassical style Kouros youth Very in uenced by Egyptian sculptures Very lean thin stiff proper more animated less details usually represented a dead youth 0 Classical style of sculpture5th c Polyclitus Doryphoros spear carrier Larger more laid back powerful lifelike open eyes emotional Very idealistic ideally perfectly proportioned male o The Parthenon on the Acropolis PhHosophy Built 447432 BC Classical style of architecture Rectangular base wraised platforms surrounded by columns very large 230ftx100ft pediment on top used 20 tons of marble and has gold inserted into the architecture aiming for symmetry harmony and balance with moderation in detail 0 Buildings often are used to show wealth Athenagoddess of war and wisdom o SocratesSocratic method Platostudent of Socrates Would ask important probing questions to prompt an individual to think for themselves A form of teaching that uses a question and answer format to enable students to reach conclusions by using their own reasoning to evaluate their lifebeliefsvalues quotThe unexamined life is not worth livingquot Socrates quotNo greater good can happen to man than to discuss human excellence every dayquot 0 Change in climate due to Athen s defeat by Sparta in the Peloponnesian War 431404 BC Socrates was no longer able to go around and speak his mind Charged of corrupting the youth and not worshiping the city God s Sentenced to death Socrates death in 399 BC
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