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Chapters 3, 4, 21 and 22

by: Carmen Thomas

Chapters 3, 4, 21 and 22 SPCE 636

Carmen Thomas
GPA 3.77

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Chapter 3: Reviewing the Literature Chapter 4: Preparing and Evaluating a Research Plan Chapter 21: Preparing a Research Report Chapter 22: Evaluating a Research Report
Research in special education
Maria Knox
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Carmen Thomas on Sunday January 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SPCE 636 at Ball State University taught by Maria Knox in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Research in special education in Special Education at Ball State University.


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Date Created: 01/31/16
Carmen Thomas SPCE 636 Chapter 3: Reviewing the Literature Review of related literature  Systemmatic identification, location and evaluation of documents containing information related to research problem  Written component of a research plan/report that discusses reviewed documents  Documnts- articles, abstracts, reviews, books, dissertations, government publications, etc.  Purpose- determine what has already been done relating to research problem  Avoid duplicating another's research  Helps develop framework based on insights  Discover strategies on research and data collection that have been productive previously  Find approaches you haven't yet considered  Identify key words to guide in your research- descriptors  Use appropriate sources- primary sources are original and factual, secondary sources are reviews of already conducted research  Evaluate relevance, author, source, methodology, date, abstract, references, annotations  Analyze, organize and report the literature Guidelines  Avoid desire to include everything you found in review of related literature  Review areas linked to your research problem only  Review all studies relevantly related to your study Meta-Analysis Statistical approach to summarizing results of numerous quantitative studies focused on same research problem Numerical way of expressing average result of group of studies Two problems- subjectivity (different studies use different criteria), efficiency/difficult reviewing based on large number of studies Emphasizes on making review inclusive Results from each study translated to effect size, strength or magnitude of reported relation, causal/not. Effect size is key feature. Carmen Thomas SPCE 636 Chapter 4: Preparing and Evaluating a Research Plan Research plan  Detailed description of a study investigating a given problem  Introduction reviews related literature/research, discussion of research/procedures, information regarding data analysis  Can be brief-informal or lengthy/formal  Often submitted for approval  Review literature, develop hypothesis, problem statement, research questions, then write rest of plan  Consider every aspect of study  Facilitate evaluations of study  Develop detailed procedures to guide study Quantitative research plan  Introduction section- State problem, State research questions, Review related literature, State hypothesis  Methods- Participants, instruments, materials, design, procedures  Data Analysis  Time Schedule  Budget Qualitative research plan  Prior data  Title  Introduction section- State research questions, Review related literature  Procedures- approach, rationale, site/sample, researcher role, data collection methods, data management, data analysis, address validity and reliability, ethical considerations, contributions, limitations  Appendixes Assessing research plan  Pilot study- small trial conducted before large trial of study to identify unplanned problems Carmen Thomas SPCE 636 Chapter 21: Preparing a Research Report Guidelines  Look for progress  Write what comes to mind  Develop outline- identify/order major topics  First draft- many revisions, ask for peer reviews  Reflect what has been done/found in previous research  Clear, simple style  APA format  Title page with purpose, acknowledgements of past research, table of contents outlines report, tables/figures, abstract/summary of study, main body introduction, data collection/description, results, conclusions, implications, reccommendations, discussion  In journals- let data speak for itself, use your voice, keep reader's attention, be engaging, assemble as tight as possible, include cover letter and manuscript for journal Carmen Thomas SPCE 636 Chapter 21: Evaluating a Research Report Introduction  State problem  Researchable problem  Background information  Educational significance  Variables of interest  Operational definitions  Review past research  Hypothesis Method  Participants  Instruments Design/procedure Results Discussion Conclusion Abstract  Summarize problem  Design identified  Describe procedures  Results/conclusion stated


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