Popular in Music in World Culture
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Popular in Music
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by catherrinedoll on Sunday January 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 302 at Humboldt State University taught by Novotney,ED in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Music in World Culture in Music at Humboldt State University.
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Date Created: 01/31/16
Music in World Cultures January 26, 2016 Aesthetic Can we use the word aesthetic to describe nature? Or does it have to be man made? Function isn't always tied to aesthetic, but it may add something to it. Music is not a trend, it is an art form. Humans have already put value on music. Ask yourself how do pictures and pieces make you feel? Does art have to be beautiful to be highly effective? The word Aesthetic Latin: Aestheticus Greek: Aesthetikos from Aistheta which means perceptible things from Aisthesthai which means to perceive Consider these negations, anesthetic: insensitive anesthesia: loss of sensation Three basic definitions of aesthetic 1. a branch of Metaphysics concerned with the laws of perception 2. a set of principles pertaining to the sense of the beautiful 3. a set of principles pertaining to the criticism of taste The definition that we will be using in this class, * a set of principles pertaining to the analysis and evaluation of discerning what is appropriate Key Concept Rather than liking or disliking art itself, rather, like or dislike the way that you feel in its presence. Criticize people's views for them, instead of criticizing people. January 28, 2016 Terminology 1. Pitch musical definition: the location of sound in the tonal range proceeding from low to high scientific definition: frequency measured by vibrations per second low pitches vibrate at a lower rate of frequency high pitches vibrate very fast at a high rate of frequency Pitch can either be relative or absolute Relative Pitch: a tone's position, higher or lower, as compared with some other tone Absolute Pitch: a tone's fixed position in the entire range of musical tones example: A = 440 according to the International Tuning Standard So when the pitch A is played, there are 440 sound waves per second. So imagine sound waves like you would imagine seeing someone's heartbeat on a monitor almost, with an axis in the middle. When an A is played, sound waves intersect that axis, going both negative (below the axis) and positive (above the axis) 440 times in a single second. *only in Western context notes are given names with absolute pitches 2. Melody & 3. Harmony Melody: an organized set of pitches played in succession Harmony: an organized set of pitches played simultaneously or together often you would say, "the harmony supports the melody" *melody is in every culture that is looked at in this class, but harmony is not 4. Consonance & 5. Dissonance *these are terms used to describe the agreeable effect and the disagreeable effect produced by combining pitches Consonance: agreeable sounds or "with sound" Dissonance: disagreeable sounds or "against sound" which sounds are considered agreeable are decided based off of rations and fractions using the International Tuning Standards for pitches 6. Rhythm Greek: Rhythmos measured flow or movement from Rhein to flow musical definition: a patterned configuration of attacks universal definition: the pattern of movement in time rhythm is an analog to motion the pattern of movement in space "in rhythm" people combining energy, most often in a periodic manner example: "one, two, three, pull!" *rhythm can, however, be either periodic or nonperiodic
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