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History 150: The Roman Empire

by: Tera Frame

History 150: The Roman Empire History 150

Marketplace > Ball State University > History > History 150 > History 150 The Roman Empire
Tera Frame

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About this Document

This covers everything on the Roman Empire covered in lecture.
The West in the World
Dr. Malone
Class Notes
History; Roman Empire
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tera Frame on Sunday January 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 150 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Malone in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 81 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.


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Date Created: 01/31/16
January 20-22, 2016 The Roman Empire (27 BC-276CE) Common Era=AD  1 Emperor=Augustus (ruled 27 BC to 14 AD) o His reign began the period known as the PAX ROMANA (the ROMAN PEACE) of the 1 and 2 ndcenturies AD o Virgil, the Aeneid  Poem dedicated to Emperor Augustus  Says that other countries excel at other things (art, architecture, wealth, etc.) but the Romans will excel at government o Size of Empire (very large, able to take over much of European area) o Rome’s Legacy? Law (see textbook!!), building and engineering feats nd  Hadrian’s wall (early 2 c. AD)  Extremely long and tall, attempt to maintain stability  50,000 miles of roads  All roads lead to Rome  Minimize natural barriers and concerned with drainage issues  Bridges (extremely durable, some still are functioning today and are some of the oldest (Britain and Spain))  Benefits: o Used for movement of troops o Key component of trade  Africa: gained gold/ivory/and ANIMALS for entertainment (lions for coliseum)  Greece: Olives/marble/pottery  One Roman said at the end of the 1 c. AD  “Compare if you like the Pyramids or the useless if famous monuments of the Greeks with such a display of essential structures carrying so much water” (AQUEDUCTS) o Water sourceAqueductsettling tankpublic bath or fountains or indoor plumbing (for the wealthy)  Amphitheaters (coliseum)  *****Symbols of Power and Authority o Roman culture during the Pax Romana:  The lifestyle of the Roman upper-class  Emulated by many other cultures  Town houses  Inhabited by the upper-class  Had 2 dining rooms (one for family dinners and another for entertainment)  Banqueting  Sample menu o Honey=main form of sweetener o Unusual dishes (loved exotic meals) o Consumed lots of meat (except beeffor the barbarians)  Established status and wealth o Extreme eating  Large quantities of food consumed daily (3-4 times daily)  Often vomited in order to continue consuming food  Entertainment o Music/dancing/poetry o Lower Class Romans:  Housing: Insulae (island)  Multi-story apartment buildings  Snopes in the front of the building more spacious apartments in the back; as you go up it gets smaller  Some buildings would cut corners during construction so they collapsed; or caught fire due to candles  No indoor plumbinghad to collect water and bathe in public baths (think similar to an indoor public pool but for bathing…gross/unhygienic)  Used chamber pots to go to bathroom and dumped out window (very unhygienic)  Over-crowded  Diet:  Ate little to no meat; rather ate some cheese for protein  Mostly consumed bread; wheat from Egypt  Ate olives, grapes, and drank wine  Augustus distributed free grain to about 200,000 (1/3 of the population) people in Rome once a month o Became “Bread and Circuses” for the masses, and it continued with other emperors with the distribution of bread  Entertainment (80 AD):  Funded by emperors  The colloseum was opened by emperor Titus in 80 CE o Colloseum=extremely large and dominated o Can have 50,000 people; tiered seating; emperor’s box separate from everyone; the animals in the center rise from the floor  Seneca’s Commentary on the gladiator games o Seneca=philosopher who had concerns about the games o “When I return from the spectacle, I am greedier, more aggressive, and more cruel and inhumane” o People think it’s entertainment, but Seneca believed it was harmful and made them violent/blood-thirsty  Emperor Titus paid a 100 days of entertainment in a row  5,000 beasts were killed in an opening day for entertainment: o Used animals fighting animals; gladiators killing animals (gladiators=center of entertainment; the contest was highly popular in this culture) ***The Martyrdom of Vibia Perpetua***  First persecution of Christians by Emperor Nero (64 AD) o Happened in the colloseum o Huge fire broke out and many said that Nero did it so he blamed the Christians o Tacitus’ description on how the Christians were executed o There was a separate persecution  Martyrdom=the trial and death of Vibia Perpetua in Carthage, North Africa (203 AD) o Vibia Perpetuafrom a wealthy family and converted to Christianity (small minority in Rome)  She is 22 years old and has an infant son  Went to a hearing, the emperor wanted her to do a sacrifice, she said norefusal=treason  Condemned to the beasts and was in high spirits  Has a vision the night before:  She would appear as an athlete or fighter; said she turned into a man and emerge victorious (said she would die but triumph the devil in victory)  Charged by a cow and finished by a young gladiator (inexperienced); took him 2 cuts o 100,000 Christians killed during the period (64-313 AD)  Stopped in 313 AD when Emperor Constantine issued the Edict of Milan that granted religious toleration  392 ADChristianity became the state religion (dominant)  Enacted by Emperor Theodosius


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