Criminal Profiling JUS 375
Criminal Profiling JUS 375 JUS 375
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Anneka sundell on Sunday January 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to JUS 375 at Fort Hays State University taught by Dr. John Raacke in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Criminal Profiling in Criminal Justice at Fort Hays State University.
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Date Created: 01/31/16
JUS 375 1 Criminal Profiling There is very little science in this field until the last 15 years o Past: law enforcement/investigators made profiles o Profiling was considered to be more of an art than a science. A lot of profilers use their gut feelings, opinions, and experience Not all cases can be profiled o Violent crimes, arson, sex crimes, etc are studied Anything serial Multiple crime scenes Criminal Profiling: an educated attempt to provide specific information about an individual who committed a crime for a law agency. Most individuals who commit these crimes have a personality type that is a pathology o Mental problems/disorders o Maladaptive, abnormal behavior However, their maladaptive behavior is criminal Usually violent Not all crimes need profiling o Patterns are essential o Suggested crimes for profiling o Sadistic sexual assaults o Sexual homicide o Postmortem cases of abuse Commonalities of all: and humiliation 1. Personal crimes o Motiveless fire setting a. Hurt someone specific o Lust and mutilation murders 2. Ritual/fantasy motive o Serial rape o Occult and ritualistic crimes o Child sexual abuse including pedophilia o Anonymous obscene communications Peeping, flashing Crime scenes will reflect something about the pathologyof the individual JUS 375 2 Inductive vs. Deductive Profiling Inductive: looking for similar crimes committed by multiple people o Idea: Offenders must have similar personality pathologies to other offenders EX: based on 10 offenders who committed a crime, the offender we are looking or will look like these 10 offenders. o Advantages: You do not have to be an expert of human behavior Or have a background o Typically used by most law agencies. Deductive: based on an analysis of the physical o Crime scene and evidence o NOT based on past crimes Treat each crime as an individual o Important aspect of victimology Ex. Bundy’s victims looked the same Long brown hair parted won the middle o Predicts age, race, gender, profession Allows us to make a profile based on the nonphysical evidence What the offender is thinking o Making this kind of profile is SLOW However, these are far more reliable because it is tailored to a specific event. Goals of Profiling 1. Provide a social and psychological assessment a. Should include Race/ethnicity Age range Employment Religion Marital Status Education JUS 375 3 2. Provide a psychological evaluation of belongings found with an offender a. Important goal when there is a prime suspect b. Collection is important to interrogations i. Or DA in court ii. Helps to determine victimology and abduction techniques 1. Ex. Bundy: crowbar, handcuffs, etc. 3. Provide interviewing suggestions and strategies a. Some techniques don’t always work i. based on personality types b. provide alternative given the personality of the suspect i. Ex. Bundy tried to mock what was said until they got him, and then he admitted Profiling in Fantasy ~Real Crimes in fiction ~ People have been interested in the true crime genre for centuries o Started with Sherlock Holmes Predictive Focused on victims and scenes o Nonphysical evidence o Took notes for every detail o Hannibal Lecter Harris portrayal of the physical evidences contribution Profiling does not always work as well as its portrayed in fiction o Based on generalizations JUS 375 4 ~FictionBecomes Reality~ Dr. Thomas Bond o First documented case of profiling o Jack the ripper case Asked to look at the body of Mary Kelly (the last victim) asked to assess the surgical knowledge of the offender Profile: quiet, inoffensive looking man, probably idle aged, and neatly dressed Indicated that the previous 4 murders were the work of the same person. Walter Langer o Profiled Adolph Hitler Requested by the Office of Strategic Services (CIA) Wanted to know how WWII would end Predicted Hitler would commit suicide Years before it happened. James Brussels o New York psychiatrist o Profiled the Mad Bomber Profile: Heavy middle aged man, foreign born, Roman Catholic, and single Lived with a brother or sister, was paranoid, hated his father, was obsessively oved by his mother, lived I the state of Connecticut Wearing a buttoned doublebreasted suit JUS 375 5 Richard Kuklinski o Known as the ICE MAN Mob hit man Not “itch” to kill o Confessed to killing over 100 people Authorities estimate over 300 o From an abusive family Killed first victim with a pool stick o Caught in undercover operation o Profiling was difficult/impossible Multiple Window Killer: Lacked a signature The way he disposed of bodies varied greatly o Freezing, dumping, cutting, leaving at scene, etc. Denis Rader o BTK o Convicted with 10 murders o Caught because of taunting letters Floppy disc traced to his church o Profiles were not helpful in solving the case Profile was completely wrong Conclusion: o Profiling in reality is not as simple or tidy as in fiction o Profiles do lead to arrests o Police investigation and attention to detail doesn’t always work JUS 375 6 Psychological Profiling Personality 1. Unique and consistent pattern of Mood Thinking Feeling behaving 2. Personality NEVER changes Personalit y 5 Components of personality 1. Biology Genetic aspect to personality Genotype: biological makeup Phenotype: how its expressed 2. Environment Experiences you have hand in life and how they change you 3. Cultural Rules and regulations that determine how we live Subcultures Ethnic groups Peers Geographical Religion Economic status 4. Common experiences Friday nights in US: Football Friday Nights in UK: Soccer JUS 375 7 Dating patterns in US 5. Unique Experiences Different experiences in life that impact our personality Ex. Twins, location, siblings, pets. Personality Profile The crime scene of a violent crime will reflect the personality of an offender o Crime scene disorganized disorganized offender First assumption a profiler must accept o Not how someone could do this, but what kind of person would do this Method of operations remains similar o “MO” o The evidence NOT the offense dictates the profile Signature will remain consistent o Through the victim evidence, and something an offender may say to a victim Offender will not change their personality o Behaviors can be altered, however o Most people’s inability to change may be seen as a downfall Kuklinski got older and made mistakes Accuracy o Not all profiles are accurate o Levels vary greatly Broad, specific, etc o FBI 192 Cases88 Solved14 cases profiles helped catch the offender
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