New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Week Notes for Intro to Ethics!

by: Midhu Robin

Week Notes for Intro to Ethics! PHI2600

Marketplace > Florida International University > PHIL-Philosophy > PHI2600 > Week Notes for Intro to Ethics
Midhu Robin
GPA 3.5
View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for INTRO TO PHILOSOPHY

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive INTRO TO PHILOSOPHY notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

Full weeks notes for future test!
Noel Alphonse
Class Notes





Popular in PHIL-Philosophy

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Midhu Robin on Sunday January 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHI2600 at Florida International University taught by Noel Alphonse in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 312 views. For similar materials see INTRO TO PHILOSOPHY in PHIL-Philosophy at Florida International University.


Reviews for Week Notes for Intro to Ethics!


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 01/31/16
Chapter 2 Test Review Ethical Relativisms  Personal Relativism: The doctrine that what makes an action right is that one approves of it. (Adolf Hitler Ethical beliefs)  Ethical judgments and beliefs are the expressions of the moral outlook and attitudes of individual persons.  Cultural Relativism: The view that what makes an action is right is that is approved by one’s culture.  Advantages to cultural relativism?  Does not make individuals morally infallible (Just by having a view, doesn’t mean it is correct)  Does not make moral disagreement impossible. Custom is the Law of Fools Problems of cultural relativism?  Cultures are morally infallible  Which society are you going to adhere to?  Not about public opinion! Problems for Cultural Relativism  Which culture?  What happens if the dominant culture changes in views? - My family? - My state? - My country? (Consider 52% consider certain behavior just, and 48%) Absolutism: The view that moral rules and principles - Have no exceptions - Context- Independent (Abortion is wrong whether the circumstances) Individual Relativism: Consider your feelings in order to solve a personal moral problems. - What you want to know is not how I DO feel but how I OUGHT to feel. - Which is NOT relativism. (The feeling) The hidden objective value in the Relativist Position - Relativism is a more TOLERANT position - Other CULTURES (persons) SHOULD be TOLERANT of our moral views. - Our culture should be tolerant of others as well. - In conclusion, Tolerance is an objective or transcultural value, other cultures may be closer to the truth. Intrinsic Vs. Instrumental Value (Another problem) - Something is instrumentally valuable if it is valuable because of the goods it brings about. - Something is intrinsically valuable if its valuable for its own sake. ****READ ETHICAL PULIRSIM AND ABSOLUTE MORAL VIEWS (CHAPTER 19, 289-304)***** Reasons to be an Ethical/Moral Relativist  Moral Uncertainty  Moral Diversity  Situational Differences  Cultural Relativism (Cultural differences)  Personal Relativism  Opinion?  Moral Standards  More Tolerant  Consider your feelings  Moral Skepticism  Ethical Relativist: Everyone has their own opinion, their own truth.  Moral realist: Facts demand a different ethical response from you.  Moral Skepticism: The denial of objective or subjective moral standards. Reasons not to be an Ethical/Moral Relativist  Skepticism  Facts  Objectivism  Absolutism  Absolutism  Instantly wrong? /Truth  Does not make it right  Objective  Ought  Not relativist What moral objectivism is? Realism - There exits a reality (mind independent) of those who know it. Ethics - Ethical judgments are in relation to a set of mind independent facts. Ethical Egoism: The ethics of self-interest Why be moral? Or who cares about Ethics? Descriptive - People are basically selfish (Act in their best self interest) - Psychological Egoism - Problem one: Easily refuted Psychological Egoism: People usually (or always) act in their self interest. Is it true? - Problem two: unfalsifiable - Falsifiability or refutability is the logical possibility that an assertion could be shown false by a particular observation or psychical experiment - Falsifiability is impossible to prove A good theory: Derivation from economics? - Self interest provides the best economic motivation - Self interest provides the BEST MORAL motivation - Everyone ought to seek his or her own best interest (because it contributes to overall well-being). - Adam Smith - “The Invisible Hand” What about those that can not compete? - Problem 3 - Not Egoism but Utilitarianism!


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.