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This 24 page Reader was uploaded by Justin Jolly on Friday March 7, 2014. The Reader belongs to a course at University of California - Los Angeles taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 215 views.
Reviews for Human Sexuality
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Date Created: 03/07/14
Human Sexualityafter midterm 2182014 13400 PM First man made man Transgender is discussed relatively openly contemporary history is the opposite Discusses how one medically becomes transgender Extreme medicine grows out of war specifically out of those who survive it Main protagonist is a British person named Laura Dillon Plastic surgeon during wwII made a contribution by finding out how to make penis for those war veterans who lost theirs Laura believed she was meant to be the opposite gender She became Michael and later became a physician There were male hormones added for body hair and masculinity There was a famous racecar driver in England who also transgender that Michael would talk about The book is considered a tragedy and some say that Michael was psychologically unstable He became Buddhist and dies in a small monastery in India Significance of book is that it details every aspect of suffering and thinking that you39re meant to be the opposite gender and life transitions that occur Publicity for male who became a woman Christina jergunson This happened before Lauren Aside there were regulations against people altering themselves medically Used to have a guest speaker who was transgender from ucla He was married and lost his wife to cancer after he decided to become transgender Jayne Thomas was her name and she passed away Study of hormones and behavior in animas exogenous hormone can be injected into to view behavior or there could be surgical changes by removing endocrine system and then observe behavior In humans we look at sexual anomalies Psych professor named John Money looked into humans They hydra hidruh In Indian culture theyre male but belive they are neither male or female they are third gender In America when there is a hermaphrodite we ignored it and labeled them male or female In other countries they make a third gender category The hydra are born male and believe at some point in their life they will become something more spiritual and remove their genitals themselves Hydra often work as prostitutes they were studied when looking into the transmission of HIV In hindu text refers to hydra in 4 ways 1 is a waterless male 2 is testicle voided 3 ambiguous genitals at birth neither male or female 4 not woman due to no menstruation Endocrine syndrome androgen sensitivity syndrome which John Money often wrote about It is a genetic predisposition 0 Male whose body cannot metabolize androgen because of this the male is completely feminized so that undressed they look identical to any female They are known because they never menstruate which is because they don39t have ovaries 0 They normally identify as female and are often shocked when finding out they are male They cannot reproduce Canadian case Jewish family has a son who goes through circumcision There was an error and penis is eliminated The parents were told about John Money who looked at these kinds of cases Movie Money said sex is biological but role is psychological We can raise someone as the opposite sex so he said to give the son hormones and raise the son as a daughter Money wrote books about this landmark case Another physician Milton Diamond came along saying that anatomy and biology is destiny to a certain degree Diamond went to find the child to see how everything went he discovered that the boy never became a girl and suffered a horrible childhood As a young adult he switched to being male and had a surgically corrected penis got married and divorced and ultimately committed suicide o Dr money spoke with Brenda frequently regarding being a female he discussed genitals with her and showed her women giving birth He attempted to convince her to get her vagina reconstructed o These conversations made Brenda uncomfortable and although some criticized money others say he followed the scientific process for convincing Brenda she was a girl o Money made both twins take their clothes off to show them the difference between their genitals and then proceeded to take photographs 2182014 13400 PM Human Sexuality March 6 362014 21200 PM Magic bullet is that somehow we can give immunity to a disease through inoculation o Probability of being able to do that is small There is a slight risk you can get the disease from the prevention vaccine o Does the vaccine have stigma Think woud you get the hiv vaccine if there39s a chance of contracting hiv Biomedical questions How many inoculations do you need Will it be yearly or in childhood requiring boosters o How effective is it Does immunity wear off over time People will question why others get the vaccine Logistics How can we store and transport the vaccine o If you don39t provide the vaccine to one area of the world the disease can thrive and spread o In Haiti only 28 of children get childhood inoculations It is difficult to get vaccines to people who need them Economics Can everyone afford this or how can we ensure everyone can afford it o Who should get the shot if we cant make it available to everyone This is a social issue Psychological issue Knowing there are risks to getting shots will cause people to ask why other people would get it are they part of a high risk factor group Sole purpose of all living organisms is to reproduce o If we develop a vaccine that isn39t 100 effective the disease will become stronger because its goal is to survive and reproduce If the virus becomes too strong it kills off the host and eliminates itself o Condoms trap the virus and make the disease less deadly because it wants to survive so it cant kill the host eventually carrier will have unprotected sex and pass the benign version of the disease Condoms suckdeveloped during the evolutionary war and have not been much improved o Surgeon General wrote article saying wearing condoms feels the same as not wearing condoms but research was based off information provided by leading condom producer Trojan o Money has not been put into discovering new forms of barriers to prevent STI s 0 Gates had a competition to see who could create the best barrier method for sex without diminishing the feel like condoms Movie 2 dollars with or without a condom Prostitution is very common and visible Most girls lack family and end up at the bus station Mercato has highest rate of disease among prostitutes most are under 18 o Most of the girls who low end prostitutes say they do not like men and would not be with the if they did not need money o Tb rates increased due to hiv 362014 21200 PM 362014 21200 PM Human Sexuality March 4 362014 14100 PM Money should have taken more caution vs saying with the information he had of the time it was a good decision o Psychology should always be a cautious practice o Moneys arrogance clouded his judgment Lecture There are cues to certain traits that appeal to the mammal making the choice o Phenotypic cues are observable traits such as coloration o Resource cues include a bird noticing another birds nest building Traits are not uniformly assessed o Siglar and receiver Siglar would be bird singing a song and each receiver evaluates the signal differently o Siglars can signal different types of information What is the value of these cues o They eliminate detection error 0 If a mammal is deciding on its mate it gets info from different sources by getting a lot of info it diminishes the probablity of a mating error 0 Signals give different bits of information IE coloration and song may give health info and nest building my give info about caring for young 0 Information is additive if assessing one piece of info getting a second piece of the info increases the probability of the mating and making a good choice Mating error is animal chooses another animal who is ill Cues can be visual auditory ofactory for most species multiple cues matter o Traits somehow increase survival or reproductive fitness amost all species rely on traitscues o Environment selects out traits that are beneficial evoution selects these traits because they have some sort of value o Humans select characteristics and mates that have survival or reproductive value 0 Beauty is an example it signifies survival for reproductive fitness Symmetric face and hip to waist ratio signify reproductive fitness 0 But theses are visual what about blind people One of the founders of evolutionary psychology thought that sexuality would be less gender different than those with sight Why use visual cues They are easier to study and we are sight based creatures We often ignore adults who are blind Requests to learn about sexuality in the blind were ignored Syphms Adult males are just as much horndog as blind males They wait for females to walk them across the street and brush against their breast Touch is a big factor for those who are blind It gives them data such as height They create holograms through touch Touch smell etc Essential to arousal attraction Because they don39t have sight they compensate with other cues Or we all use multiple cues but are not aware of it Those who are blind but not light sensitive have difficulty differentiating reality from dreams If theres a multi function device that loses on function you don39t get rid of it because it still has other functions 0 This is the same in the reproductive strategy if we lose something like vision the collective utility still prevails Fatal and disfiguring infection Interesting model to compare to hiv In Europe it exploded in 1400 First sore appeared on genitals proving it to be sexually transmitted There was a war in Italy between Italy and france The French army was made of people from not just france The soldiers get the disease and name it after each other People believed that it was god punishing the sodiers most were seeing prostitutes In reality coloumbus had sex with native Americans contracted syphilis and then brought it back to Italy Yaws developed into syphilis o Benign disease to native americans who had immunities from it colombus and crew did not have immunity to syphilis o Thought that there was a deadly and minor form deadly form died off along with the carrier o China did not view it as a punishment from god o 700s it became less likely to be fatal Condoms were made of fish intestines and other animals o They also used balloons as condoms Early 1900 there was a field of medicine for syphilis o 1905 the cause was discovered spirokete bacteria called trapkemia o Found a way to detect it and worked on sex education and cure o WWI 1917 700000 800000 new cases in france o WWII 1941 penicillin was in production and could combat bacteria that causes syphilis o By 1946 15000 cases of syphilis o 1954 1800 cases 1990s 4000 case 0 In 1990s in the us 100000 treated cases and 300000 cases of untreated cases 0 Today world wide there are 7miion cases 0 Syphilis meets all requirements for disease that can be eliminated we know the cause and cure What does this tell us about hiv o It started fatal then we developed a test Presume it evolves into a less dangerous form 0 People became more nonchalant about syphilis as cures became available 0 History suggests there will be more fatal sti safe sex is here to stay 362014 14100 PM 362014 14100 PM Paraphilias Outline I Overview I Voyeuristic Disorder I Exhibitionistio Disorder I Frotteuristic Disorder I Sexual Masochism Disorder I Sexual Sadism Disorder I Pedophilic Disorder I Fetishistic Disorder I Transvestio Disorder Overview I Paraphilia Any intense and persistent sexual interest other than sexual interest in genital stimulation or sexual interest in mature consenting human partners I Can also be defined as any sexual interest greater than normophilic sexual interests I Some paraphilias are concerned with an individual s erotic activities I Eg Intense interests in spanking whipping cutting binding strangulation I Others are primarily concerned with an individual s erotic targets I Eg sexual interest in children nonhuman animals inanimate objects I The disorder must cause distress and impairment to the individual I Eg Personal harm risk of harm to the self or others causes marked distress and impairment in functioning Voyeuristic Disorder A For a period of at least 5 months recurrent and intense sexual arousal from observing an unsuspecting person who is naked in the process of disrobing or engaging in sexual activity Manifest by fantasies urges or behaviors B The individual has actedon these sexual urges with a nonconsenting person or the sexual urgeslor fantasies cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social occupational or other important areas of functioning C The individual must be at least 18 years old Specify if I In a controlled environment This is primarily applicable to individuals living in institutional or other settings where opportunities to engage in voyeuristic behavior are restricted In full remission The individual has not acted on the urges with a nonconsenting person and there has been no distress or impairment in social occupational or other areas of functioning for at least 5 years while while in an uncontrolled environment Most common of lawbreaking sexual behaviors Lifetime prevalence is 12 in males in 4 in females quot Exhibitionistic Disorder I A For at least 6 months recurrent and intense sexual arousal from the exposure of one s genitals to an unsuspecting person as manifested by fantasies urges or behaviors I B The individual has acted on these sexual urges with a nonconsenting person or the sexual urges or fantasies cause clinically significant distress and impairment in social occupational or other important areas of functioning I Specifiers I Sexually aroused by exposing genitals to prepubertal children I Sexually aroused by exposing genitals to physically mature individuals I Sexually aroused by exposing genitals to prepubertal children and to physically mature adults Frotteuristio Disorder I A For at least 6 months recurrent and intense sexual arousal from touching or rubbing against a nonoonsenting person as manifested by fantasies urges or behaviors B The individual has acted on these sexual urges with a nonoonsenting person or the sexual urges or fantasies oause clinically significant distress or impairment in social oooupational or other important areas of functioning Sexual Masochism Disorder I A For at least 6 months recurrent and intense sexual arousal from the act of being humiliated beaten bound or otherwise made to suffer as manifested by fantasies urges or behaviors B The fantasies sexual urges or behaviors cause clinically significant distress and impairment in social occupational or other important areas of functioning Specifier I With asphyxiophilia If the individual engages in the practice of achieving sexual arousal related to restriction of breathing Sexual Sadism Disorder I A For at least 6 months recurrent and intense sexual arousal from the physical or psychological suffering of another person as manifested by fantasies urges or behaviors B The individual has acted on these sexual urges wit ha nonconsenting person or the sexual urges or fantasies cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social occupational or other important areas of functioning Pedophilic Disorder I A For at least 6 months recurrent intense sexually arousing fantasies sexual urges or behaviors involving sexual activity with a prepubescent child or children generally younger than 13 years I B The individual has acted on these sexual urges or the sexual urges or fantasies cause marked distress and interpersonal difficulty I C The individual is at least 16 years old and at least 5 years older than the child or children in Criterion A I Note Do not include an individual in late adolescence involved in an ongoing sexual relationship with a 12 or 13 year old I Specifiers Exclusive type only attracted to children Nonexclusive Type Sexually attracted to males Sexually attracted to females Sexually attracted to both Limited to incest Fetishistic Disorder I A For at least 6 months recurrent and intense sexual arousal from either the use of nonliving objects or a highly specific focus on nongenital body parts as manifested by fantasies urges or behaviors I B The fantasies sexual urges or behaviors cause clinically significant distress and impairment in social occupational or other important areas of functioning I C The fetish objects are not limited to articles of clothing used in cross dressing or devices specifically designed for the purpose of tactile genital stimulation I Specifiers I Body parts I Nonliving objects I Other Transvestio Disorder I A For at least 6 months recurrent and intense sexual arousal from orossdressing as manifested by fantasies urges or behaviors B The fantasies sexual urges or behaviors cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social oooupational or other important areas of functioning Speoifiers If sexually aroused by fabrics materials or garments With autogynephilia If sexually aroused by thoughts or images of self as female
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