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HST 276/AMS 276: Mon, Week 5- The Imact of World War II on Sexual Practices

by: Sophie Modzelewski

HST 276/AMS 276: Mon, Week 5- The Imact of World War II on Sexual Practices HST 276

Marketplace > DePaul University > History > HST 276 > HST 276 AMS 276 Mon Week 5 The Imact of World War II on Sexual Practices
Sophie Modzelewski
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

These notes cover the reading and the film that will be reviewed in class tomorrow.
The History of Sex in America: Late Victorians to the Present
Dr. Allison McCracken
Class Notes
HST 276, AMS 275. DePaul, America, Sex in America, History of Sex, DePaul University
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sophie Modzelewski on Sunday January 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HST 276 at DePaul University taught by Dr. Allison McCracken in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see The History of Sex in America: Late Victorians to the Present in History at DePaul University.


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Date Created: 01/31/16
HST 276/ AMS 276 Week 5 Monday, February 1 Intimate Matters page 288­295 1. The Homosexual Menace 1. Middle class more sexually liberated 2. 1. Hetro behavior only 2. Homo labeled “deviant” 1. Penalties became more strict in 1950/60s  3. 1920/30s  1. Homosexual desire was now named and slowly growing 1. The Captive 1. Dealt with lesbian relationships 2. Lesbian couples­ went to see it 2. The Well of Loneliness 3. Strange Brother 1. Fiction novels 2. Gay characters 3. Idenetifiable characters 4. Gay Entertainment in Black Culture 1. Harlem singers sang about homosexual desire 1. “Sissy Man” 2. “Fairey Blues” 3. “Bull Dagger Woman” 4. WWII propagated psychiatric definitions of homosexuality  1. Created new opportunities to spread gay culture 1. Took men and women from small town life 2. Placed them in sex segregated environments 1. Men: army life 2. Women: moving to cities for war jobs living, working and associating  with only women 3. Created a perfect setting for gay/lesbian interactions 4. Gay people could be safe with interactions 1. “‘eye contact’ that first alerted him to the presence of other gay men in the service” 5. Civilian Life 1. Freedom during the way years 1. Escaped watchful eyes of families 2. Gay/ Lesbian Meeting places 1. YMCA had military men on leave 1. “Vining found it to be a sexual wonderland.” 3. Lesbian Bars 1. “do you like boys, or do you go out strictly with girls?” 2. Returned from service in Large Cities 1. San Francisco 6. Gays and Lesbians interacted more freely 1. Created institutions for their identity 1. Creation of the gay bar 1. San Jose, Denver, Kansas City, Buffalo, Worcester 2. Subcultures developed differently 1. Lesbian subculture smaller 1. In businesses 2. Friendship networks 3. Bars weren’t compatible to traditional female sexuality 2. Gay men had more social opportunities 7. Opening of subculture to public 1. Publication of Howl 2. Kinsey Study 1. Dwarfed previous calculations 1. 50% acknowledged homosexual responses 2. +1/3 had homosexual experience to orgasm 3. 4% exclusively homosexual adults 4. 1 in 8 mostly homosexual for at least 3 years 5. Homosexuals scattered through populations 8. Americans looked to blame gays in the Cold War­ginsberg­howl­and­other­ 1. Gays were a threat to national security poems­review/ 2. McCarthyism  1. Homosexuals accused and fired in the government 1. Labeled moral perverts 3. Eisenhower banned homosexuals from all federal jobs 4. Shutdowns of gay and lesbian meeting places 9. Beginning of Sexual Liberation Coming out Under Fire I. Gays labeled as undesirables A. Shunned in military life II. WWII A. Patriotic war 1. There was a need for people to go to war 2. “What can I do?” 3. People saw a need to serve and did so B. The call for draft 1. “What does it mean if I get called into War’ C. Military wanted to prevent psychiatric causalities that were in WWI 1. Homosexuality seen as unfit i. Double bind a Go home and be labeled gay b Fight and lie yourself ii. Psychiatric Evaluation a Questions were asked  i. “Do you like men?” ii. “Do you date men?” iii. “Have you had any obsessions?” iii. Rorschach Test iv. Called “Pseduopsychiatry”  D. Women in the War 1. WAVES i. Women in the military ii. Interactions could occur iii. Gay vocabulary often didn’t exist in traditional culture 2. WACC 3. Women could interact and romance 4. Sex Hygiene Course i. “Comradeship with fellow WACC rather than men” ii. Can be formed into model women and fighters 5. III. Service A. Basic Training B. Never Alone 1. “Drop your cocks” 2. Checking other people out was common 3. Uniform i. Made it less obvious for people to look “butchy” C. Articles of War 1. Article 93 2. Scare Tactics i. Gay sex was made ill­advised a Sex was common D. New ways for Gays to interact  1. Found quiet ways to move about i. Wasn’t necessary to really speak out or announce gayness a “They spoke about showbiz and I loved showbiz” b Found ways to interct i. Sent mail 1. Sent publications to other bases ii. Went to movies iii. “the gays know each other and can tell” c Passed as normal d Fit in i. Gay men declared unfit for combat 1. Seen as week ii. Many still went into combat 1. Well regarded and decorated e Sometimes allowed homosexuals to serve if needed ii. Drag Shows were common a No one seemed to care as long as they made people laugh E. Removal from Armed Services 1. Spies i. Look into the actions of people 2. Labeled as sodomy i. Women couldn’t be charged 3. Now labeled as psychopaths i. Word of mouth a People could now be charged from others allegations ii. Humiliated iii. Ward 8 a Was seen as mentally insane 4. Nine thousand homosexual discharges i. Stigmatized ii. Afraid to return home iii. Covered up life


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