Popular in Course
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Department
This 3 page Reader was uploaded by Nyeila Jones on Sunday January 31, 2016. The Reader belongs to a course at a university taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 20 views.
Reviews for POL250.pdf
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 01/31/16
POL 250- Steve Barraca Quiz One Notes Ch 3 A teleological theory of morals It starts with an empirical (factual) statement about what is. Human beings are uniquely capable of reason and living according to reason. It goes on to a normative statement about what ought to be…… Humans ought to live according to reason. Major premises of TTM (Natural Law Theory) 1. Everything has a ultimate purpose 2. Only humans have a choice of whether to live according to their teleos(ultimate object or aim, purpose) or not 3. The good for humans is to function in accord with our teleos. 4. The bad is to not function in according to our teleos. Morals are not arbitrary, but designed into human nature. Morals are absolute(universal) not relative We can obtain objective knowledge of moral through the careful empirical and introspective study of human nature. Humans need to live a certain way because we are designed a certain way. To make proper use of a designed thing, we have to know how it works and what its purpose is. Natural Law Theory & Human Sexual Powers Arguments that people have derived from this theory. 1. Sex has procreative and emotional functions and ignoring these functions and making pleasure paramount will lead to problems. 2. The two- parent family with a husband and wife is “Natural” and therefore the ideal. 3. Homosexual sex is “unnatural” Teleological points Nature is a cause that operates for a purpose The purpose is given In the thing itself it is not man made These “natural laws are pre-existing immutable and universal Non-teleological points Nature has no purpose it is unguided and amoral Humans give things their purpose and meaning not nature The rules of governing the human good are malleable, historically and culturally derived and not universal. Moral Virtue and Doctrine of the Mean Virtues: Types and Natures Where do virtues emanate( come) from? The soul Three elements of the soul Passions Faculties(reason and will) States of character To be virtuous the action…… 1. Has to be right (right behavior) 2. Has to have the right desire 3. Has to have the right thinking, 4. Has to have the right intention 5. Precedes from a firm and unchangeable character. How do we acquire these virtues? “……We arew adopted by nature to receive them, and are made perfect by habit.” The don’t arise automatically Nature gives us a potential for virtue Virtues are actualized by habituation “Are human beings basically good?” Yes and no Yes- babies are innocent but not morally good. We have a potential for goodness No- Virtue does not delvelop automatically, we have a bent toward vice. How are the vices related? Vices Virtue excess Cowardice courage rashness Stinginess generous prodigality- wasteful- giving to people for no reason Grouchiness friendliness obsequiousness – to eager to help or obeying someone Intemperance temperance insensible Doctrine of the mean Virtue lies at a mean between two vices, one is deference (not enough) and the other in excess. Intolerance—tolerance----????? Moral Virtue-disposition of character or habit of choosing the mean between the extremes of excess and deficiency in matters of action and emotion. Vice- The disposition of character or habit of choosing the extremes of excess and deficiency. Types of characters 1. God like- super human virtue 2. Virtuous- a person who knows what is right, does the right thing and takes pleasure in doing it. 3. Continent- a person who knows what is right, has a battle to do it and wins the battle by doing it. 4. Incontinent- knows what is right has an inner battle and loses the battle by doing wrong. 5. Vicious- doesn’t know what is right does wrong and takes pleasure in it. 6. Brutish- feels no remorse in doing extreme acts of evil.
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'