Research Methods, Week 2 notes
Research Methods, Week 2 notes Psych 305
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Clarissa Hinshaw on Sunday January 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 305 at Northern Illinois University taught by Keith Millis in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 62 views. For similar materials see Research Methods in Psychlogy at Northern Illinois University.
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Date Created: 01/31/16
Chapter 2 Where to Start Hypothesis: a statement of whether one variable is correlated with or caused by another. This is proven or disproven through research studies. Example: studying by selftesting, increased exam scores. Prediction: a belief or disbelief of the hypothesis will be proven or disproven from results of the study. Example: I believe the hypothesis regarding studying and test scores will be proven. Predictions are proven by research. Hypotheses are supported, but not proven. Participants: people who agree to take part in a research study. Other terms include respondents, subjects, and informants, depending on the type of study. Where do ideas come from? o Common sense: ideas people believe to be true and assume are universal. Examples: Do opposites attract? Do birds of a feather flock together? Do actions speak louder than words? Does everything happen for a reason? o Observation: developing project interests based on life experiences. Example: a person doing a study of the effects of autism on socialization based on their own experiences. Serendipity: ideas discovered by accident or luck. o Theory: possible explanations for different types of behavior. Theories generate new knowledge for existing research. Theories also help researchers create new hypotheses. Theories can be modified as new research comes in. o Past Research: Used to guide new research studies and write literature reviews. Library Research Methods o Journals: Places where researchers publish their results. They are reviewed by scientists and published as legitimate journal sources (peer review). o Psychological Abstracts: Summaries of research articles published each month, found through databases. Example: PsychInfo. Search can be done by typing in subject of interest. Linking two topics with the words AND, OR, or NOT can narrow or widen results. Most contain links to full text. Ones that don’t can be requested from other libraries. There are also setting to see only peerreviewed articles and most recent articles first. Other databases include Science Citation Index and Social Sciences Citation Index. o Literature Reviews: articles summarizing research from other studies. o Internet (basic Google Search): Though this method often contains results from any topic, websites must be clearly evaluated for legitimacy. o Google Scholar: A search engine for scholarly journals. Good for some research, but many results don’t contain full text articles for free any articles aren’t peer reviewed or as scholarly as database articles. o Professional meeting searches: contains articles presented at professional conferences. Parts of a research article o Abstract: overview of the topic o Introduction: Stating research topic and hypothesis o Method: states how the hypothesis was tested o Results: the outcome of the hypothesis o Discussion: What the results mean for science and the world.
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