FDM 140 Textiles Week 1
FDM 140 Textiles Week 1 12834
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emma Wagner on Sunday January 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 12834 at West Virginia University taught by Kathryn Jones in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see FDM 140: Introduction to textile in Aerospace Engineering at West Virginia University.
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Date Created: 01/31/16
1 Assortment Definition a group of fabrics that share a commonality of design, . structure, or color (same fabric difference color options) 2 Classification by end use: medical . industrial/ technical -disposable fabrics -splints Construction / landscape -roadways, public servants/ military -bullet proof vests Automotive/ transportation -leather covering, air bags 3 Classification by end use: Apparel and Accessories . Personal -clothing -shoes -bags -jewelry? beauty/ hygiene/ personal care -sponges -make up brushes -toothbrush (brush) Interiors -bedclothes and mattresses -window coverings -wall paper/ coverings -floor coverings (rugs) -upholstery (what couch is covered in, what is inside couch) 4 Components of a textile fiber: Smallest unit in a textile, hair like in structure . Polymer: very large molecule made by connecting many small molecules together, basis of synthetic material 5 dyeing and printing adds color or pattern to textiles . 6 fabric using fibers or yarns to create a two dimensional . structure. Can be woven, knitted, or non-woven *AKA- piece goods, goods, material, cloth 7 finishing chemical or mechanical process that modify the . properties of the textiles, aesthetic functional 8 Gray Goods any fabric that has not been finished . 9. Modern Textile Technology driven Production -highly automated -Textile production: high skill, low labor input -Apparel production: low skill, high labor input 10 Performance when it is exposed to some element in the world, how well does it . perform when tested. -quality assurance often tasked with texting 11 Product Textile Designers/ product Developers . Development - determine product image, performance, appearance, and cost -color and trend forecasting- Premie're Vision (Pantone) -fabric presentation and info -consider consumers and target market Examples of Product Developers: 12 Realistic Supply fiber- fabric . Chain dye-yarn fiber-dye 13 Serviceability Textiles ability to meet consumer needs . * MUST BE CONSIDERED IN DEVELOPMENT STAGE 14 Serviceability Aesthetics- attractiveness or appearance Subcategories -highly subjective; culturally constituted . -"Fashion" impacts all categories Durability- length of time the product is suitable for the use for which it was purchased Comfort and Safety- how heat, air, and moisture transfer -interaction of body and textile product -ability to product the body Appearance retention- original appearance retained during use and care ** different than durabilty , surface level Care- treatment required to maintain a textile product's original appearance Cost -connection between quality and price -production cost - maintain cost 15 Smart Textiles sense and react to the stimuli of an electrical, chemical. thermal, . Definition mechanical, magnetic, or other nature - some innovations end up in apparel: "wearable tech" 16 soft goods products constructed of textiles and other flexible materials . definition includes apparel, interior textiles, and technical/ industrial textiles (ex, pillows, rugs, clothing) 17 Stages 1.fiber . 2. yarn 3.fabric ( mood store or Joanna's) 4.dye/print (color) 5.finishing (tactile elements, alter it somehow in performance) 6. sales 7. consumer Idealized (supply chain) 18 Supply Chain visualization of production; highlights main actors and flow of . info/products 19 Sustainability environment concerns- impact of use, care, and disposal of textiles . and textile products (dirty from beginning to end, a lot of energy use) Sustainability: balance between profit, environment, and society Lifecycle analysis- how production, use, care, and disposal of a product affects 20 Textile Definition any flexible material that is composed of thin films of polymers or . of fibers, yarns, or fabrics 21 Textiles in -Integral to human history (alter of environment more than any . History other animal)\ 12,000 years ago (oldest textile complex) -Historically women's domain (largely talking about the history of women) - Fueled economies of industrialized nations historically (UK, US); continues to fuel developing nations (e.g. India &Egypt) -Industrial revolution largely motivated by textile sector- factory systems, mass production, mechanical over human labor (too many humans need textiles!!) - Abuse in textile mills informed child and fair labor regulations, early 20th cent. 23 thread generally, a group of yarns. Specifically, used to join or embellish . fabrics 24 yarn grouping of fibers (natural, synthetic or combo) formed into a . countinous strand
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