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Ethnographic Research Methods

by: Melodi Harfouche

Ethnographic Research Methods Anthropology 130

Melodi Harfouche

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About this Document

These notes cover ethnographic research methods we discussed in class
Cultural Anthropology
De Pendry
Class Notes
Ethnography, Fieldwork, Culture, Cultural Anthropology, ANTH 130, Tongans
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Melodi Harfouche on Sunday January 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Anthropology 130 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by De Pendry in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views.


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Date Created: 01/31/16
Ethnographic Research Methods (Fieldwork)  Quantitative Research Methods: used for science  Qualitative Research Methods: much more open­ended   Anthropologists focus more on qualitative methods of  research Participant Observation  Participate in the culture and make observations Interviews  Informal Conversations  Semi­Structured Interviews  Structured Interviews  Survey Research:  Random samples, variables  Close­Ended Questions: you close down the response   vs. Open­Ended Questions: you can get a whole variety of  answers (what, when, where, why, how) Variations on Interviews  Genealogical Method (Kinship Charts)  Life Histories­ask someone to tell you the course of their  life   Ethno history­what does history look like from the  grassroots perspective?  Key Cultural Consultants  (Also called: Informants)  People who have a lot of knowledge and people who  introduce you to people whom you might want to interview Research Ethics  Informed Consent­ you need to get a subject’s permission  to interview them  Interpretation of the Data Gathered  Emic categories (used by the people interviewed) o Look for key words that people keep using  Etic categories (used by the ethnographer) Formulating the Research Questions  Obtaining funding  Conducting the Research  Interpreting the Research  Publishing the Results All affected by: The Subject Position(s) of the Ethnographer(s)  Country of origin (region, community)  Class  Race­ethnicity  Gender  Sexual Orientation  Age  Life Experiences Social Theories Current at the Time Research Conducted  Academic training of the ethnographer Interactions That Occurred During Fieldwork  How people being researched choose to represent  themselves to the ethnographer  How the ethnographer represents himself (or herself) and  interprets interactions during the fieldwork and later when  writing up the results. Historical Events Before (and During) the Research Types of Studies:  Community Studies (was very common when  Anthropology first started)  Comparative (or Multi­sited) Studies (comparing several  different research sites)   Problem­Oriented Research (trying to solve/investigate a  specific problem)  Longitudinal Research (had a long term relationship with  Tongans; she can establish a long term relationship with  them and collect data)  Team Research (working with a team on a certain project)  


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