Introduction To Theatre Arts 101
Introduction To Theatre Arts 101 THEA*101*05
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by npsinglet on Sunday January 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to THEA*101*05 at Coastal Carolina University taught by K. McIntyre in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Theater Art in Theatre at Coastal Carolina University.
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Date Created: 01/31/16
Introduction to Theatre Arts 101 Week 1 Notes Greek History The audience must have… 1. Empathy- music, connections to you, making the setting compare to your actual setting. 2. Willing suspension of disbelief- understanding of theatrical conventions, for example, when they show a bottle of liquor in a movie, but it really is not. What makes Theatre different? The difference is that everybody in the scene knows you are there. 1. The Forth Wall- a wall that is separated from the play and the audience. Many characters break the fourth wall. For example, Malcolm in the Middle. 2. Asides- when only one character breaks character Living Art a. Living art is live theatre b. It’s the only art form that ceases to exist when it ends c. Unlike mass communication, the audience gets to interact with it as it is occurring. d. Immediacy- the point when a live theatre performance interacts with a live audience. e. Living Art is also a collaborative art. Theatre History How did Theatre begin? a. Ancient Cavemen b. Cavemen, having made their way from Africa and across Europe before the Continental Divide. c. Many cave drawings were found in Lascaux, France d. Cavemen would re-enact their hunts and play games e. The beginning of theatre was in The Round. f. The Round- the act is in the middle of the audience Greece a. Civilizations began is Africa, Samaria, and the Mediterranean b. Greece used most of their past time by drinking and arguing over government c. Greece is the oldest organized culture Epidaurus - Oldest extant theatre a. Theatron- stone seating b. Orchestra- the circle c. Tymele- an alter to the God Dionysus d. Dionysus- God of theatre and wine Dance of the Satyre a. It is a half human and half goat creature b. Paradoi- Areas where orchestra made ceremonial entrances for performance c. Proskene- is a raised performance platform above the first couple rows of the audience d. Skene- means “hut” or “tent”; it is a freestanding building behind the proskene. Other Greek Contributions Actors a. Highly revered b. No women c. Thespian/ Thespis are actors d. Typically 3 lead actors playing multiple roles Masks a. Ekkyklema- to reveal the body after violence in a play b. Cothurnus- High heel boots c. Chiton- like half of a white robe d. Phallus- fake penis Aristotle’s guide to poetics a. Ancient Greek philosopher b. lived from 384- 322 BCE (62 years old) c. Wrote about Astronomy, Physics, Rhetoric, Ethics, Politics, Metaphysics, Biology, and most important to us, Poetics. d. Poetics is the study of literary expression The Poetics a. Poetics are the oldest extant in today’s world b. Earliest surviving work of dramatic history. c. 1 extant philosophical treatise to focus literary theory Why is Aristotle’s guidebook on theatre studied today? a. It explains the fundamental purpose of theatre in our lives b. It gives us a guide by which we analyze theatre c. It defines the 6 elements which make an event theatrical. Why do we care about Aristotle? a. He believed that, “The primary purpose of theatre is to provide pleasure and that the greatest pleasure comes from learning the truth.” Structure of Plays 1. Drama a. Prologue- Provides information about prior events b. Parados- Entrance of the chorus c. Exodus- Conclusion Comedy a. Satyrus- making fun of the government, like the Daily Show on Comedy Central b. Used of dramatic devices, particularly mistaken identity, Greeks thought comedy was running around naked with a fake penis The 3 Unities 1. Unity of Action a. One simple plot b. Beginning- Middle- End structure c. No scene is to be included that does not advance the plot directly. No subplots and No characters who do not advance the action 2. Unity of Time a. 24-hour period 3. Unity of Place a. All action should occur in one locale Elements of Plot Rising Action a. Exposition b. Antecedent Action/ Inciting Incident c. Point of Attack Conflict a. The clash opposing forces Climax a. Point at which one or the other of the forces is favored; the point at which events must turn in one direction or another. Resolution/Denouement a. Whatever happens after the climax b. Not always resolved satisfactorily
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