SOC 150 Week 2
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This page Class Notes was uploaded by Thanh Notetaker on Sunday January 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 150 at La Salle University taught by Dr. Sheldon Zink in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Priciples of Sociology in Sociology at La Salle University.
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Date Created: 01/31/16
SOC 150 Week Two January 27th and 29th The Three Social theories 2 are macro theories and 1 is micro theory 1 Structural Functionalism A Macro Theory 2 Major Theorists Tacott Parsons and Neil Smelser 1956 Also Merton 1957 distinguishes between manifest and latent functions of social institutions Structural Functionalist says that a society is a complex system of composed of various parts much like a living organism Just as the heart lungs and liver work together to keep an animal alive so too do all the elements of a society s structure work together to keep society alive Characteristics Prevent Chaos Maintains Order Tendency Toward Equalibrium Systems have boundaries between compatible system and within them Slow to change Ordered Change Distinct Allocation of power and resources System meets the needs of participants at least minimally Controls disruptive behavior NP P PP N Some explanations For 1 The idea of conflict is very dangerous to Structural Functionalism 3 5 Take La Salle as an example there are departments like Financial Aid Office of Registra Residency They are all separated from one another to operate for a larger community of La Salle and they all have they all resources 6 A student s problem doesn t matter how different or strange will definitely be solved at a minimum level by going between the different departments If not the system has to change 7 people who disrupts others or refuses to be part of the system will be excluded 2 Conflict Theory a Macro Theory Major theorist To be updated later The conflict perspective addresses the deficiencies of structural functionalism by viewing the structure of society as a source of inequality which benefits some groups at the expense of other groups Characteristics NP P PP N Conflict is universal Social consensus is limited Inequality is widespread Social institutions are formed around the means of production The system meets the needs of the powerful and healthy System based on success through inequality and vested invest in maintaining it System maintained through coercion and deception Power the ability to make decision in your own best interest 3 Symbolic Interactionism A Micro Theory Major Theorist mead cooly in the early 1900 s Characteristics P P PP N Look society and social order on an individual level Humans are social animals that require interaction World connected through symbolic communication Language amp material objects are studied in relation to individual interaction Look at the individuals factors of development and socialization Meanings of objects events and behaviors come from the meaning people give them
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