Dram 116 Notes Jan 29th
Dram 116 Notes Jan 29th Dram 116
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Renfro on Sunday January 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Dram 116 at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill taught by Katherine Williams in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Intro to Theatre in Theatre at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill.
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Date Created: 01/31/16
DRAM 116 Notes 2 th January 29 *Watch lecture online for missed class on stage directions* Socrates and the Greeks: Greeks were humanist who valued harmony, order and justice Typical Greek Theater o 3 parts of the play: First play started at sunrise, second at noon, last at sundown; o Used the natural lighting Three themes of tragedies: o Birth o Death o Re-birth Dionysus: (Greek God Era) o Greek god for fertility, agricultural deity, god of wine and they symbol of life-giving powers o 4 Festivals of Dionysus the “rural” Dionysia or “small” Dionysia was at the end of December Lenea in January Anthesteria in February Great Dionysia or City of Dionysia in March*** 5-7 day festival attended by politicians and 30 men from each surrounding city Dithyrambic contests: choral ode or hymn sung in honor of the god; o Strophe: right to left o Anti-strophe: left to right To turn back 3 tragedies and one Satyr play o Satyr play: erotic comedy 486 BCE: first comedy Prizes were awarded o Art is a great representation of life during the Greek era Male was dominant Use the art to recreate elements of the theater and festival Costumes, people, feelings o Structure of Greek Tragedy: Prologue: established conflict Parados: entrance of the chorus (important part of greek tragedy) Steps up to the stage Epsiodes/agons Developed dramatic relationship between characters Tell us what is happening Odes: Chorus commentary Tell us why something happens Exodos End of action Final song Lesson is stated o Setup Orchestra seats are most expensive because of Would sacrifice a goat at the beginning of theater in the orchestra section Skene: large house in the back to allow actors to change Proskenion: raised ledge Ekkyklema: moving piece of stage to move actors; also used to fly actors Periaktoi: 3 sided structure used to change the scene Actors must have booming voices despite great acoustics of theaters Buskin: elevated shoes Onkos: Large masks to make actors seem larger o Used masks to establish characters o 4 Playwrights of Tragedies: Thespis First actor to step out of the chorus and speak text o “Thespian” Aeschylus Added second actor intensifying the conflict or argo Sophocles rd Added 3 Actor Increased contrasting characters Euripides Noteworthy for his portrayal of women Individuals dilemma o Before it was more about the state and politics Diminished the role of the chorus o Satyr Play: Dressed as half-man half beast, with phallus as part of costume Erotic comedy Cyclops by Euripides only surviving satyr play Came at the end of the three tragedies as a release of emotions o Comedy: Deals with characters of a lower status/everyday life Playwrights of Comedies: Aristophanes: Lysistrata, The Clouds o Physical comedy Meander: The Grouch o Situational comedy o Gave rise to stock characters (clever servant, grumpy dad)
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