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Chapter Two Reading Guide

by: M.G

Chapter Two Reading Guide BIOL 2457 - 001

GPA 3.85

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About this Document

This guide is great for the active learner! Perfect for a study session with the PowerPoint and textbook in preparation for lab quizzes and the test!
Timothy L Henry
Class Notes
BIOL 2457, A&P 1, Dr. Henry
25 ?





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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by M.G on Sunday January 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to BIOL 2457 - 001 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Timothy L Henry in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I in Biology at University of Texas at Arlington.


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Date Created: 01/31/16
TERM LIST 22. Free radical 23. Antioxidants 1. Chemistry 2. Matter 24. Chemical bonds 3. Mass 25. Valence shell 4. Weight 26. Octet rule 5. Solids 27. Ionic bond 28. Cation 6. Liquids 7. Gases 29. Anion 8. Element 30. Electrolyte 9. Atom 31. Covalent bond 10. Nucleus 32. Single covalent bond 33. Double covalent bond 11. Electron shells 12. Atomic number 34. Triple covalent bond 13. Mass number 35. Nonpolar covalent bond 14. Isotope 36. Polar covalent bond 15. Half­life 37. Electronegativity 38. Hydrogen bond 16. Dalton 17. Atomic mass 39. Cohesion 18. Ion 40. Surface tension 19. Ionization 41. Chemical reaction 20. Molecule 42. Reactants 43. Products 21. Compound 1 44. Metabolism 46. Potential energy 45. Energy 47. Kinetic energy 48. Chemical energy 49. Law of conservation energy 50. Exergonic reaction 51. Endergonic reaction 52. Activation energy 53. Catalyst 54. Anabolism 55. Synthesis reaction 56. Catabolism 57. Decomposition reaction 58. Exchange reaction 59. Reversible reaction 60. Oxidation 61. Reduction 62. Oxidation­reduction reactions 63. Inorganic compound 64. Organic compound 65. Water 66. Solution 67. Solvent 2 68. Solute 90. Acidic solution 69. Hydrophilic 91. Basic (alkaline) solution 70. Hydrophobic 92. Buffer systems 71. Hydrolysis 93. Buffer 72. Dehydration synthesis reaction 94. Carbonic acid­bicarbonate buffer  73. Mixture system 74. Colloid 95. Carbon skeleton 75. Suspension 96. Hydrocarbon 76. Concentration 97. Functional groups 77. Percentage 98. Macromolecules 78. Moles per liter 99. Polymers 79. Mole 100. Monomers 80. Avogadro’s number 101. Isomers 81. Dissociate 102. Carbohydrates 82. Acid 103. Monosaccharides 83. Hydrogen ions 104. Disaccharides 84. Proton donor 105. Polysaccharides 85. Base 106. Simple sugars 86. Proton acceptor 107. Triose 87. Hydroxide ions 108. Tetrose 88. Salt 109. Pentose 89. pH scale 110. Hexose 3 111. Heptose 129. Steroids 112. Glycogen 130. Eicosanoids 113. Starches 131. Prostaglandins 114. Cellulose 132. Leukotrienes 115. Artificial sweeteners 133. Proteins 116. Lipids 134. Amino acids 117. Lipoproteins 135. Peptide bond 118. Fatty acids 136. Dipeptide 119. Saturated fatty acid 137. Tripeptide 120. Unsaturated fatty acid 138. Polypeptide 121. Triglycerides 139. Peptide 122. Fat 140. Primary structure 123. Saturated fat 141. Sickle cell disease 124. Monounsaturated fat 142. Secondary structure 125. Polyunsaturated fat 143. Tertiary structure 126. Phospholipids 144. Quaternary structure 127. Amphipathic 145. Fibrous proteins 128. Essential fatty acids 146. Globular proteins 147. Denaturation 148. Enzymes 149. Apoenzyme 150. Cofactor 4 151. Coenzyme 160. Deoxyribose 152. Substrate 161. Nucleotides 153. Active site 162. Double­helix model 154. Nucleic acid 163. Ribose 155. DNA 164. DNA fingerprinting 156. RNA 165. Adenosine triphosphate 157. Nitrogenous bases 166. Adenosine diphosphate 158. Purines 159. Pyrimidines 5 FILL IN THE BLANK 1. _____________ surround the nucleus. 2. Mass is measured as a ___________. 3. When an atom ________ or _________ a valence electron, ________ are formed 4. Polar covalent bonds are formed by __________ electron sharing. 5. Nonpolar covalent bonds are formed by ________ electron sharing. 6. Hydrogen bonds are _____% as strong as __________ bonds.  7. Energy associated with matter in motion is termed __________ ____________. 8. Metabolism is the _____ of all _________ reactions in the body. 9. Exergonic reactions _________ energy 10. Endergonic reactions ________ energy 11. Catalysts _______ _____ chemical reactions. 12. Synthesis reactions are an example of ____________. 13. Decomposition reactions are an example of __________. 14. In a solution the _________ dissolves the ________. 6 15. _______ has a high heat capacity. 16. A pH of 7 is ________. 17. pH is on a _____________ scale. 18. Triglyceride storage is virtually __________. 19. Lipids have few _______ _________ bonds. 20. Phospholipids are amphi______.  21. Sex hormones are a form of _________. 22. A pleated sheet is said to be the __________ level of protein organization. 23. Catalysts in living cells are known as _________. 24. ________ contains thymine. 25. tRNA, mRNA, and rRNA are forms of ________. TERM MATCHING a) Inorganic compounds b) Organic compounds c) Solution d) Colloid 7 e) Suspension 1. Usually lack carbon 2. Particles large enough to scatter light 3. Usually contain carbon 4. Large 5. Usually more solvent than solute 6. Simple 7. Material may mix, will settle out QUESTIONS 1. What are the major elements? a. What are their names? b. What are their percentages? 2. How many lesser elements are there? a. What are their names? b. What are their percentages?  3. How many electrons would be in the first electron shell? 4. What are tracers? 5. What are hydrogen bonds formed between? 6. Name the functional groups? a. Draw the formulas for the functional groups b. Briefly describe each functional group. 7. What are the six funcions of protiens? 8


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