AHS 102 Week 3 Notes
AHS 102 Week 3 Notes AHS 102
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Gardner on Sunday January 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AHS 102 at Ball State University taught by Natalie E Phillips in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see History of Art Survey 2 in Art History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 01/31/16
AHS 102 Dr Natilie Phillips Spring 2016 MWF Week 3 125 129 125 Monday Northern Gothic Art 14001500 15th century I Innovations of the Northern Gothic artists a Oil paint i Advantages 1 Can work slowly doesn t dry fast Compare to fresco painting 2 Rich colors 3 Oil paint in naturally re ective more realistic surfaces 4 Can paint over mistakes Opposed to redoing plaster for frescos 5 Can get extremely detailed ii Disadvantages 1 Expensive 2 Typically painted on wood subject to decay b Atmospheric Perspective 11 Artist Jan Van Eyck know for exam Can just be called Van Eyck a The Ghent Altamiece Hubert and Jan Van Eyck Northern Gothic 15th century i Large can fold open and closed ii Polyptych many part altarpiece iii Closed bottom part 1 Grisaille 2 Saint being prayed to 3 The prayers patrons of the work iv Closed top part 1 The Annunciation 2 White lilly the Virgin Mary common symbol for her 3 Dove Holy Spirit v Open top center 1 Christ on throne 2 Flanked by Mary and John the Baptist 3 Flanking Mary and John the Baptist are angel scenes 4 Then anking angels are Adam and Eve above them Cain and Abel vi Bottom Panel Open 1 Adoration of the Lamb a Lamb bleeding Eucharist blood vii Northern Gothic Features 1 Hyperrealism 2 Love of symbolism 3 Ideal figures for females look pregnant narrow shoulders big belly and hips b The Arnolfini Wedding Jan Van Eyck i About marriage every item in the painting is a symbol 1 Equality in status shown by equal height of man and woman 2 Location bedroom shows nature of wedding 3 Mirror lots of detail Van Eyck is there not seen in foreground of picture You can tell it s him bc of the red turban and the inscription that translates vaguely to Van Eyck was here 4 Dog in between man and woman loyalty two way 5 Fruit in the background fertility 6 Bedpost carving St Margaret Saint of childbirth 7 Broom on woman s side in charge of domestic sphere still not lesser than man 8 Wooden clogs represents removal of shoes On sacred ground 9 Chandelier single candle lit Eye of God over the marriage c Madonna with Chancellor Rolin Jan Van Eyck i Symbols 1 Crystal orb with cross on top Christ s power on earth 2 3 III Artist Rogier van Sitting on white cloth foreshadow to deathburial shroud The crystal part of the orb Mary s virginity a Also more while lilies virginity in background by orb Not a symbol Van Eyck in the background garden red turban Peacocks pride a In background by Chancellor Rolin b Was seen as disrespectful to have the patron in the sacred scene c Peacocks a subtle jab at Chancellor Rolin s arrogance Column capitals in background the drunkenness of Noah a Right by it in the background Chancellor Rolin s vinyards b Warning against drunkenness der Weyden a Comparing to Van Eyck i ii iii Van der Weydan specialized in portraits The people had expressions psychological interest Not as detailed as Van Eyck b Portrait of a Ladv Van der Weyden i Can tell that the woman is weathly she can afford a portrait yet modest no fancy clothing only a few ornaments ii c i 1 Upper class neat nails working class had dirty nails Comparative Images to Van der Weyden Italy Portrait of Giovanna Tornabuoni by Domencio Ghirlandaio No chiaroscuro seems at IV 2 No expression seems like an objectdead women seen as objects in Italy ii Germany Self Portrait by Albrect Duren l 2 3D effect from chiaroscuro Eye contact with the viewer has emotion and personality Artist The Master of Flemalle or Robert Campin a The Merode Altarpiece i Symbols another annunciation scene 1 White lilies if you don t know this one by now you re not paying attention lol 2 Snuffed candle Christ comes to earth Mary s womb 3 Basin amp towels purity 4 Mini child ying through window Holy Spirit 5 Left Panel Patrons in private garden door open to scene in middle 6 Right Panel Joseph a Mousetrap on table trapping evil Late Gothic Characteristics Northern Gothic recap 0 Frescos 0 Oil paint 0 Large Scale 0 Smaller scale 0 Linear Perspective attempt 0 Atmospheric perspective 0 Focused on overall look not details 0 Focus on individual details Early Renaissance in Italy 14001500 15th cent 0 Guilds labor unions Artists had one as well 0 Linear perspective developed 0 Interest in inner psychology when painting people 0 Greater realism 0 Dramatic compositions 0 More interest in Classicism Early Renaissance Sculpture a Florence Cathedral and Baptistery i Quatrefoil an ornamental design of four lobes or leaves as used in architectural tracery resembling a ower or fourleaf clover ii Competition for the honor of making the East Door of the Baptistery l 2 3 6 Lorenzo Ghiberti Filippano Bruneshelli The story of the competition was told by Giorgio Vasari a He is the first art historian Both Ghiberti and Bruneshelli did the Sacrifice of Issac for their piece Ghiberti won because his composition was more dramatic and had a more dynamic composition a Went on to complete the full door in gold b East Doors of the Florence Baptisterv Ghiberti Early Ren 14001500 15th cent Bruneshelli leaves Florence for Rome a Became an architect b Discovered linear perspective b Artist Nani di Bance Four Saints Early Ren 14001500 15th cent i Studies from Roman portrait heads ii Figures occupy 3D space appear to be talking with each other not staring blankly iii Intheround 0 Artist Donatello i St Mark 1 Statue set in Gothic niche 2 Classical sculpture 3 Intheround 4 Expressive eyes seeing things religious meaning ii St George 1 Intheround 2 Fighting dragon hero expression seems on guard 3 In Florence important to know 4 Commemorates the Victory against the militaristic Duke of Milan but surprisingly failed Source of great pride for Florence