Nonverbal Communication SPCH 1000
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Aisha Ansley on Sunday January 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SPCH 1000 at Georgia State University taught by Professor Lorick in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see Human Communication in Linguistics and Speech Pathology at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 01/31/16
Nonverbal Communication Nonverbals Can… o Accent – emphasize verbal messages. o Complement – add nuances of meanings. o Contradict – ex. Crossing your fingers/winking to indicate lies. o Regulate – to control/indicate your desire to control. o Repeat – restate the verbal message. o Substitute – take place of verbal messages. Functions o Impression management – credibility, likability, attractiveness o Defines relations – holding hands o Structure interaction – eye control, smiling, space o Influence – dress, behaviors, beliefs, actions, attitude o Emotion – crying, laughter 10 Channels 1) Body – physical control; how we act Kinesics – movement Emblems – represents something; symbols Illustrators – showing what we’re feeling Affect Display – showing emotion in our face Regulators – things we do to distract/calm us Adaptors – gestures used to support our needs Attractiveness – appearance 2) Face [ 8 emotions ] o Happiness o Surprise o Fear o Anger o Sadness o Disgust o Contempt o Interest 3) Eyes o Eye Contact = Interest ˃ Visual Dominance – higher eye contact while talking, less eye contact while listening ˃ Civil Inattention – way of us to ignore situations that don’t deal with us 4) Space [ proxemics ] o Intimate ; 0 -18 inches o Personal ; 18 inches – 4 feet o Social ; 4 feet – 12 feet o Public ; 12 feet > 25 feet ˃ Territoriality 1. Primary – you own it ; car, phone 2. Secondary – not owned by you, but associated with you ; your room 3. Public – open to everyone ; public restrooms, sidewalk 5) Artifactual o Communication through objects ; tattoos, brands, color 6) Touch [ haptics ] o Kissing, handshakes, high five ˃ Touch Avoidance – not wanting to be touched 7) Paralanguage o Vocal but nonverbal ˃ Stuttering, pausing, elevated volume 8) Silence o Bad news, shocked, speechless, silent treatment 9) Time o Temporal – the here and now o Psychological – emphasis placed on the past, present, and future 10) Smell o Good smells = positive things o Bad smells = negative things