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PSY 1010 Chapter 13 Notes

by: Aliyah Becker

PSY 1010 Chapter 13 Notes PSY 1010

Marketplace > Saint Louis University > Psychlogy > PSY 1010 > PSY 1010 Chapter 13 Notes
Aliyah Becker

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These notes cover the information learned in Chapter 13 -Therapies
Introductory Psychology
Kristin Kiddoo
Class Notes
Therapies, Psychology, Chapter 13
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Aliyah Becker on Sunday January 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 1010 at Saint Louis University taught by Kristin Kiddoo in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Introductory Psychology in Psychlogy at Saint Louis University.


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Date Created: 01/31/16
Chapter 13: Therapies Insight Therapies Psychotherapy: Any type of treatment for emotional and behavioral disorders that uses psychological rather than biological means Psychodynamic Therapies  Psychodynamic Therapies: Psychotherapies that attempt to uncover repressed childhood experiences that are thought to explain a patient’s current difficulties o Free Association o Dream Analysis o Transference o Object Relations Interpersonal Therapy  Designed to help people with depression cope with: o Unusual or severe responses to the death of a loved one o Interpersonal role disputes o Difficulty in adjusting to role transitions o Deficits in interpersonal skills Humanistic Therapies  Person-centered Therapy o Nondirective, humanistic therapy o Developed by Carl Rogers o Therapist creates an accepting climate and shows empathy, freeing clients to be themselves and releasing their natural tendency toward self-actualization Gestalt Therapy  Gestalt Therapy: Emphasizes the importance of clients’ fully experiencing, in the present moment, their feelings, thoughts, and actions and then taking responsibly for them o Originated by Fritz Perls o “Empty Chair” technique Relationship Therapies Family Therapy  Family Therapy: Therapy with the goal of helping family members reach agreement on changes that will help: o Heal the family unit o Improve communication problems o Create more understanding and harmony within the group Couple Therapy  Couple Therapy: Therapy involving intimate partners in which behavior change or partners’ emotional responses to each other or both are the focus of the treatment Group Therapy  Less expensive than individual therapy  Gives people the opportunities to: o Express their feelings o Get feedback from other group members o Give and receive help and emotional support  The people in the group will usually have something in common with each other (loss of a loved one, addiction, etc.) Behavior Therapies Behavior Modification Techniques Based on Operant Conditioning  Techniques include: o The use of reinforcement to shape or increase the frequency of desirable behaviors  Token economy o The withholding of reinforcement to eliminate undesirable behaviors  Time out Behavior Therapies Based on Other Learning Theories  Exposure and Response Prevention: Exposes clients with OCD to stimuli that trigger obsessions and compulsive rituals, while clients resist performing the compulsive rituals for progressively long periods of time  Flooding: Exposes clients to the feared object or event for an extended period until their anxiety decreases  Systematic Desensitization: Has clients train in deep muscle relaxation, then confront a graduated series of anxiety- producing situations until they can remain relaxed  Aversion Therapy: Pairs an aversive stimulus with a harmful or socially undesirable behavior until the behavior becomes associated with pain or discomfort  Participant Modeling: Models an appropriate response to a feared stimulus in graduated steps; client attempts to imitate the model step by step, therapist supports Cognitive Behavior Therapies Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy  Directive form of psychotherapy designed to challenge clients’ irrational beliefs about themselves and others  Developed by Albert Ellis Beck’s Cognitive Therapy  Designed by Aaron Beck to help clients: o Stop their negative thoughts as they occur o Replace them with more objective thoughts Biomedical Therapies Drug Therapy  Antipsychotic Drugs o Neuroleptics: Used to control severe psychotic symptoms, such as delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, and disorganized behavior o Atypical Neuroleptics: Can treat not only the positive symptoms of schizophrenia, but also the negative ones  Antidepressant Drugs: Drugs that act as mood elevators for people with severe depression and are prescribed to treat some anxiety disorders o Tricyclics o SSRIs o SNRIs o MAO inhibitors  Lithium and Anticonvulsants o Lithium: A drug used to treat bipolar disorder, which, at proper maintenance dosage, reduces both manic and depressive episodes o Anticonvulsants: May be just as effective as lithium, with fewer side effects  Antianxiety Drugs o Benzodiazepines  Used primarily to treat anxiety  Prescribed more often than any other class of psychoactive drugs  Withdrawal is a problem, but abuse and addiction potential is fairly low Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)  Electroconvulsive Therapy: A biomedical therapy in which an electric current is passed through the right hemisphere of the brain o Usually reserved for patients with severe depression who are suicidal Psychosurgery  Psychosurgery: Brain surgery performed to alleviate serious psychological disorders or unbearable chronic pain o Highly controversial o Considered experimental and a last resort Practical Issues in Psychotherapy Choosing a Therapist  Therapists vary according to their training and the techniques that they use o Psychologists – do NOT prescribe medication o Psychiatrists – DO prescribe medication  All are bound by ethical standards Culturally and Gender Sensitive Therapies  Culturally Sensitive Therapy: Knowledge of clients’ cultural backgrounds guides the choice of therapeutic interventions  Gender Sensitive Therapy: Takes into account the effects of gender on both the therapist’s and the client’s behavior Evaluating the Therapies  No one therapeutic approach has proved generally superior overall  Specific therapies have proven to be most effective for treating particular disorders o Example: Cognitive and interpersonal therapies are preferred for depression


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