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Spanish 252

by: Iliana Pflipsen

Spanish 252 Spanish 252

Iliana Pflipsen
GPA 3.5

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About this Document

These notes are on the three grammar components of chapter 7.
Manuel Ossers
Class Notes
25 ?





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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Iliana Pflipsen on Sunday January 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Spanish 252 at University of Wisconsin - Whitewater taught by Manuel Ossers in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see INTERMEDIATE SPANISH (GH) in Spanish at University of Wisconsin - Whitewater.


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Date Created: 01/31/16
Spanish 252 Chapter 7 notes 7.1- The Present Perfect  Expresses what has happened. Recently completed actions or to a past that still bears relevance in the present.  The present perfect is formed with present tense of the verb haber and a past participle. –ado = ar verbs, -ido = er, ir verbs  Comprar He comprado Has comprado Ha comprado Hemos comprado Han comprado  Beber He bebido Has bebido Ha bebido Hemos bebido Han bebido  Recibir He recibido Has recibido Ha recibido Hemos recibido Han recibido  Past participles do not change form in the present perfect tense  To express something that has just happened use Acabar de + infinitive  When stem of –er or –ir verb ends in a, e, or o the past participle requires a written accent (ido). No accent mark is needed for stems ending in u. Ex.) Ca-er – Caido (accent over i)  Irregular past participle Abrir = abierto Morir = muerto Cubrir = cubierto Poner = puesto Decir = dicho Resolver = resuelto Descubrir = descubierto Romper = roto Escribir = escrito Ver = visto Hacer = hecho Volver = vuelto  Haber may not be separated from the past participle  When past participle is used as an adjective. It must agree in number and gender with the noun it modifies. 7.2 – The Past Perfect  Is formed with the imperfect of haber and a past participle  Viajar Habia viajado Habias viajado Habia viajado Habiamos viajado Habian viajado  Perder Habia perdido Habias perdido Habia perdido Habiamos perdido Habian perdido  Incluir Habia incluido Habias incluido Habia incluido Habiamos incluido Habian incluido  The past perfect expresses what someone had done or what had occurred before another action or condition in the past  Antes, aun, nunca, todovia, and ya – used with the past perfect to indicated that an action occurred before another. Nothing separated haber from the past participle 7.3 – Diminutives and Augmentatives  Emphasize size or express shades of meaning like affection, amazement, scorn, ridicule. Formed by adding a suffix to the root of nouns, adjectives and sometimes adverbs.  Diminutives - Diminutive suffixes -ito/a -illo/a -cito/a -cillo/a -ecito/a -ecillo/a - Most words form the diminutive by adding –ito/a. However the suffix –illo/a is also common in Some regions. For words ending in vowels the last vowel is dropped befor the suffix. Ex.) bajo = bajito Ahora = ahorita Miguel = miguelito Libro = librillo Ventana = ventanilla Campana = campanilla - Most words that end in –e, -n, or –r use the forms –cito/a or –cillo/a. however one syllable words often use –ecito/a or –ecillo/a - Spelling changes Chico = chiquillo Amigo = amiquito - Some words take on new meanings when diminutive suffixes are added.  Augmentatives - The most common augmentative suffixes are forms of –on/ona, -ote/ota, and –azo/aza - Most words form the augmentative by simply adding the suffix to the word. For words ending in vowels, the final vowel is usually dropped. Ex. Soltero = solteron Grande = grandote/a Perro = perrazo - There is a tendency to change a feminine word to a masculine one when the suffix –on is used unless it refers specifically to someone’s gender - The letters t or et are occasionally added to the beginning of augmentative endings - The masculine suffix –azo can also mean blow or shot - Some words take on new meanings when augmentative suffixes are added.


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