Section 2 Notes
Section 2 Notes CRM 3343
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Juliane Notetaker on Sunday January 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CRM 3343 at Mississippi State University taught by Dr. Kecia Johnson in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see Gender, Crime and Justice in Criminology and Criminal Justice at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 01/31/16
Section 2 Notes Vocabulary o Core Rights of Victims: vary by jurisdiction; however, the following core rights have been found in many state constitutions: The right to Attend Compensation Be heard Be informed Protection Restitution Return of property A speedy trial Enforcement o Cycle of Victimization and Offending: explains how young girls often run away from home in an attempt to escape from an abusive situation, usually ending up as offenders themselves o Fear of Victimization: a gendered experience where women experience higher rates of fear of crime compared to males. This idea is based on the distorted portrayal of the criminal justice system by the media o Feminist Pathways Perspective: provides some of the best understanding of how women find themselves stuck in a cycle that begins with victimization and leads to offending o Just World Hypothesis: society has a need to believe that people deserve whatever comes to them; linked to victim blaming o Lifestyle Theory: developed to explore the risks of victimization from personal crimes and seeks to relate the patterns of one’s everyday activities to the potential for victimization o Mendelsohn, Benjamin: distinguished categories of victims based on the responsibility of the victim and the degree to which the victim had the power to make decisions that could alter his or her likelihood of victimization o Rape Myth Acceptance: false beliefs that are seen as justifiable causes for sexual aggression against women o Routine Activities Theory: created to discuss the risk of victimization in property crimes. It suggests the likelihood of a criminal act or victimization occurs when an offender, a potential victim, and the absence of a guardian that would deter said offender from making contact with the victim are combined o Secondary Victimization: the idea that victims become more traumatized after the primary victimization o Victim Blaming: shifting the blame of rape from the offender to the victim o von Hentig, Hans: his theory focuses on how personal factors influence risk factors for victimization Book Notes o Victims and the Criminal Justice System Victims are angry because they are either tools or examples of previous crimes Victims can be traumatized again by what they experience with the criminal justice system They feel as though the system does not do much for them Agencies support victims for certain crimes Rape crisis centers Domestic violence battered women shelters When one compares official crime data and victimization data, they would notice that many victims do not even report the crime against them The relationship a victim has with their offender affects the victim’s decision to report a crime If victims know their attacker, they will not be as willing to report the crime as they would if they did not know their attacker Reasons why victims might not report: They feel ashamed They do not think that the police will be able to do anything They do not consider it to be worth reporting For fear of revenge from their attacker or their friends/family Victim blaming also causes low reporting rates from victims o Fear of Victimization The more people find out about crime in the media, the more fears they have Gender influences vulnerability Parents are more protective of their daughters Women feel more afraid, because they are more likely to be the victims of crimes such as sexual assault A result of this fear that women have of being victimized causes them to distance themselves from the rest of society o Theories of Victimization Benjamin Mendelsohn types of victims Innocent victim Victim with minor guilt Voluntary victim Victim who is more guilty than the offender Victim who alone is guilty Imaginary victim Hans von Hentig’s categories: Biological factors Psychological factors Social factors The routine activities theory explains how people are the victims of property crimes and the lifestyle theory explains how people are the victims of personal crimes
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