Fundamentals of Management, Chapter Two Notes
Fundamentals of Management, Chapter Two Notes MGMT 3202
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Carson Talbert on Sunday January 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MGMT 3202 at East Carolina University taught by Tiffany Woodward in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 60 views. For similar materials see Fundamentals of Management in Business at East Carolina University.
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Date Created: 01/31/16
Chapter Two Personality Traits: Different personality traits are better in different types of jobs. If a company is run a certain way and it fits your personality you are likely to do well and vice versa. Five personality traits tested the most 1. Extraversion- someone who is outgoing and loves to be around people. a. Opposite- someone that’s to themselves. 2. Negative affectivity- someone who gets stressed out really easily, reacts to little obstacles, and typically works well under pressure. a. Opposite- a person that is kind of chilled out, and laid back. 3. Agreeableness- someone that genuinely cares about others, and likes to resolve conflict between people. a. Opposite- someone that is distrustful and doesn’t care about others problems 4. Conscientiousness- someone that is well organized and on top of things. a. Opposite- Someone that is unorganized 5. Openness to experience- someone that likes to take risks and do things differently to increase efficiency. a. Opposite- someone that doesn’t take risks and does things by the book. Other Personality Traits 6. Need for Achievement- someone that likes to be challenged in tasks/projects, when performed they do their best work. a. Opposite- someone who doesn’t like challenges or hard tasks. 7. Need for Affiliation- someone who has a need to be liked by everyone. This can be bad for managers because the position needs for hard decisions to be made. a. Opposite- someone that doesn’t care what people think and can make hard decision based on what is best for the company. 8. Need for Power- someone that strives for power and loves to be a leader. a. Opposite- someone that likes to follow and doesn’t mind being told what to do. Internal Locus of Control: this is someone that believes their actions can impact the outcome of an event or project. In return, these people are harder workers because they believe they can make a difference External Locus of Control: this is someone that blames everyone but themselves for the outcome of an event or project. In return, these people are not willing to work hard because they believe no matter what they do, it will not make a difference. Self-Esteem: This is how someone feels about themselves. A low self- esteem means someone does not think fondly of themselves and their abilities. A high self-esteem is the opposite, they think fondly of themselves and their abilities so are will to take on tasks. Values: These are how the manager wants things to run by and their behavior in the workplace. Attitudes: Shows a managers opinion and look on the project at hand or job in general. Moods and Emotions: Shows a managers feelings towards a project or job. This can affect the manager’s work and his employees. Terminal Values: This is a set goal that someone wants to accomplish in his life. Instrumental Values: this is kind of like morals, someone lives by there own personal beliefs Organizational Citizenship behaviors: Going “above and beyond” at work. Examples: Someone coming in fifteen minutes early, staying fifteen minutes late, and helping others with their work. Emotional intelligence: this is the ability to have control of one’s emotions, which in return controls the emotions of their employees. This is a great quality to have when in a managerial role. Organizational Culture: this is the feel of the organization. If your personality meets the personality of the organization, performance increases. The culture of an organization has the ability to change, however, it takes a long time to do. Types of Culture 1. Control- love to be a leader. 2. Performance- strive for company and individual efficiency and effectiveness 3. Relationship- loves working with groups of people and social environments. Also likes to help others and is great at communication 4. Response- Quick on their feet and are very creative. Organizational Socialization: This is what a company puts together for new employees to meet and socialize with people within the company. Ceremonies and Rites: These are events that celebrate a person or company for their accomplishments. 1. Rites of Passage- this is the change in someone’s life, getting hired, promoted, or resigning. 2. Rites of integration- this is to keep employees connected with major announcements, and social events. 3. Rites of enhancement- this is so organizations can reward employees for doing a good job with things like award programs. Language: A company gets its reputation from their language. There is unspoken language and spoken language. Unspoken could be how employees dress, and what the office looks like. Spoken could be the companies mission statement, and how employees are treated.
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