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Psych 315, Week 1 Notes

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by: Tamara Girodie

Psych 315, Week 1 Notes Psych 315

Marketplace > Towson University > Psychlogy > Psych 315 > Psych 315 Week 1 Notes
Tamara Girodie
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About this Document

These notes are from week one of the course covering sections including: General Course Information Lecture 1: What is Motivation and Why Does it Matter? Lecture 2: Beginning of Control Systems ...
Christopher Magalis
Class Notes
Psychology, motivation, Psych 315, Weekly notes, notes




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tamara Girodie on Monday February 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 315 at Towson University taught by Christopher Magalis in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 48 views. For similar materials see Motivation in Psychlogy at Towson University.


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I had to miss class because of a doctors appointment and these notes were a LIFESAVER

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Date Created: 02/01/16
Monday, February 1, 2016 Motivational Psychology General Info - 3 Exams and a Written Project Lecture One - the goal of getting extra credited, it activated our behavior in a manner directed at getting extra credit - WHY? • main concept for motivated behavior - Motivated behaviors: activation and direction • activation: stimulation producing tendency to engage in some behavior to achieve some goal • direction: what an organism does once it’s behavior is activated (goal directed behavior) • motivation is a hodgepodge of various topics because there is no one reason for motivation • motivational stimuli can be neurological or endocrinological/biological • cannot directly see motivation, so we use the social construct of motivated behavior • Emotion is a big motivator • Buck’s definition of motivation (1985): “Motivation is a potential for the activation and direction of behavior that is inherent in a system of behavioral control.” - Construct of motivation has four components: potential, activation, direction, a behavioral control system - Opposite of potentiality is actuality - Motivation includes the inherent possibility to engage in a behavior 1 Monday, February 1, 2016 Lecture Two - Buck’s definition of motivation (1985): “Motivation is a potential for the activation and direction of behavior that is inherent in a system of behavioral control.” - Important because it captures something that you can’t see, it’s a psychological construct. - Motivation is characterized by different behavioral control systems • Biological Control Systems - Genetic programming: • Spinal Chord Cross Section: • Used in spinal reflexes • Is that motivation? - If you touch something hot, it activates nervous dendrites to create an action potential which releases glutamate to create action potential in motor neurons. In layman’s terms, you become motivated to jerk your hand away. - Not as present as in sensory motor stage, but still there - Arousal: • Autonomic activity/mechanisms • When we don’t have enough sensory stimulation, we will find ways to add stimulation • For those clinically depressed showing anhedonia, it is in part because of a lack of reward (dopamine) earned, which is a biological misfiring - Homeostasis: • Tendency for certain biological systems to stay at a certain level • Key driver is the hypothalamus • Blood sugar levels low —> leads to motivation to eat and correct deficit 2 Monday, February 1, 2016 • Behavioral Control Systems - Classical Conditioning • NS / US —> UR • We have a potential for certain stimuli to be affected - Unconditioned Stimuli —> associated to conditioned stimuli —> automatically elicits a reflexive response • NS —> CR (weaker response than US, has taken conditional stimulus to conditional response) • When used correctly, can be very useful in marketing. A product (which begins as a neutral stimuli) can become associated to things which make us happy - Operant Conditioning • Response —> Consequence / Goal • If consequence is positive, it can activate and direct us to repeat the behaviors, and vice versa - Int the 1940s, there was a clash between psychoanalysts and behaviorists - Shift from 40s to 50s, Behaviorism —> Cognitivism - Every psychological research group (Behaviorists, Freudians, etc.) is interested in Motivation, the methods of study and theories simply change - Information processing models - Cognitivism • Perception, thought and memory are the tools for information to be processed • Cognitive Control Systems - Inherent in the manner that we process information • Thoughts/cognitions motivate behavior - Expectancy-Value theory - Essentially, your thoughts motivate you to do these behaviors 3


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