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Week 2 Notes:

by: Kelli Howell

Week 2 Notes: ANTH 1011

Kelli Howell
GPA 3.6

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About this Document

Information of Gregor Mendel, genetics, and natural selection
Biological Anthropology
Class Notes
Anthropology, BiologicalAnthropology, GregorMendell, Genetics
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kelli Howell on Monday February 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 1011 at University of Arkansas taught by Terhune in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Biological Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Arkansas.


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Date Created: 02/01/16
▯ History of Evolutionary Thought ▯ Evolution  It is not a belief system  Is often (mis)portrayed in the media as linear  As a theory is well supported by data from over 150 years of scientific inquiry  Change over time  Darwin’s Finches, peppered moths  Antibiotic resistance threat ▯ What do we want to know? ▯ How did people in the past make sense of the variation they observed in the world around them? ▯ What were Charles Darwin’s influences and what is his Theory of Natural Selection? ▯ ▯ Hierarchical Pattern: ▯ Why are there groups of similar species? ▯ Why do some groups look similar to one another? ▯ ▯ Answer: ▯ Because population of organisms form lineage patterns and evolve ▯ ▯ Early attempts at ordering the world ▯ Aristotole-4 Century BC  Scala Naturae/ Great chain of being ▯ Geocentrism  Design is evident throughout the universe o World is in perfect harmony; extinction is impossible o Structures engineered to meet intended purpose  Teleology o argument for existence of intelligent creator based on perceived evidence of deliberated design o “Argument from design” o Watchmaker analogy ▯ Fixity of Species ▯ Prior to the 1830’s, most naturalists ascribed to Plato’s Essentialism  Variation is unimportant  Emphasis on constancy and discontinuity  All species created perfectly, no change is possible ▯ Essentialism: A belief that things have a set of unchanging characteristics that make them what they are; variation among things is just unimportant deviation from the “essence”. ▯ ▯ In class questions:** ▯ Which of the following philosophical perspectives suggested that the world was created perfectly and each component was designed with a purpose?  Teleology ▯ ▯ Organizing the diversity of life ▯ Carolus Linnaeus (1707-1778)  Father of taxonomy and systematics  Catalogued Nature  Composed of hierarchical levels  Systema Naturae: o Domain o Kingdom o Phylum o Class o Order


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