THEO 1000: Scriptural and Theological Terms
THEO 1000: Scriptural and Theological Terms THEO 1000
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Aliyah Becker on Monday February 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to THEO 1000 at Saint Louis University taught by Dr. Donald Patten in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 129 views. For similar materials see Theological Foundations in Religious Studies at Saint Louis University.
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Date Created: 02/01/16
1 Scriptural and Theological Terms 1. Canon: A body of religious writings. Regarded as authentic, definitive, and forming a religion’s body of scripture. 2. Closed Canon: Belief that a religion’s body of scripture is closed to new revelations a. This can be written in the text (No Additions). 3. Bible (Scripture): A collection of writings that the Christian community believes are inspired and authoritative for the daily life experiences of believers. a. Gospel: Stories of Jesus b. Written by different people at different times under the influence of God c. 66 Books (Protestants) which include Old and New Testament texts. Catholics include Apocrypha d. Long tradition establishing authenticity and reliability councils of Church, theologians, textual criticism, etc. i. Textual Criticism: All copies of scriptures (or texts) are compared and used to see the variations between them 4. Hermeneutics: The art and science of interpreting scripture a. Augustine of Hippo (c. 390 CE) – 4 ways to interpret Scripture (as discussed in De Doctrina Christiana) i. Literal: The wording of the text is to be taken at face value. Narratives are not the issue. Passages that are not in a narrative are also taken literally. ii. Allegorical: The meaning of the text has a hidden, spiritual truth to it and is not the be understood as literal. The passage is symbolic or representing a moral truth. iii. Tropological: Passages of scripture which offer a moral or ethical teaching. iv. Anagogical: Passages that refer to the future; or passages that pertain to a mystical mystery. 5. Inspiration: Literally, “God breathed.” The theological term that describes how the content of the Bible came to be. Long theological tradition. 6. Inerrancy: Theological teaching that there are no errors found in the original manuscripts of the scriptures. Goes together with view of inspiration. 7. Revelation: Something that we, as humans, are incapable of knowing about God unless He chose to share it with us a. 3 accepted forms of revelation theology i. General Revelation: God reveals Himself in nature ii. Special / Specific Revelation: God reveals Himself through Jesus Christ in His incarnation (God became flesh, or God took on flesh) iii. History Revelation: God chose to use history as a vehicle to reveal aspects of Himself. 8. Universal Church: Matthew 16:16 – Jesus says, “Upon this rock I will build My Church.” a. Thus, theologically speaking, every believer in the Lord Jesus Christ is a member of the Universal Church regardless of religious affiliation 2 9. Local church: The visible expression of the universal church on a more local, denominational level. Each believer is involved in their own local body of believers (e.g. Catholic, Lutheran, Unitarian, Episcopalian, Evangelical expressions). 10. Covenant: A pact or agreement between two parties. Theologically, God establishes a pact of agreement with His creation / creatures a. 5 found in Scriptures i. Noahic Covenant (Genesis 6) 1. Noah’s Ark, Universal Flood (pact to never flood again) a. Agreement shown by the Rainbow ii. Abrahamic Covenant (Genesis 15) 1. Abraham iii. Mosaic Covenant (Exodus 20) 1. Moses iv. Davidic Covenant (1 Samuel 6) 1. King David v. New Covenant (Jeremiah 31) 11. Doctrine: Any teaching that receives a following 12. Dogma: Institutionalized teaching of a religious tradition. You must believe in this teaching to be included in the group a. (e.g. 7 sacraments of the Church) 13. Orthodoxy: “Right Teaching” 14. Heresy: “Wrong Teaching” 15. Providence: God works everything in creation to go according to His will (Romans 8:28) a. Ex: Parting of the red sea 16. Apologetics: Area of theological inquiry that focuses upon the defense of the faith a. Justin Martyr is an example of an early apologist 17. Catechism: A popular manual of Christian doctrine, usually in the form of question and answer, intended for religious instruction 18. Creed: A concise summary of the basic elements of the Christian faith (Summary of faith) a. Apostle’s Creed b. Nicene Creed 19. Systematic Theology: Taking Scriptural themes and topic and collecting them into a summary on a given subject a. 12 generally recognized disciplines i. Bibliography: The study of all things pertaining to the Bible. Themes of inspiration inerrancy, authenticity, and reliability ii. Theology Proper: The study of God. Themes include communicable and incommunicable attributes of God iii. Christology: The study of the person and work of Christ. Themes include the humanity and deity of Christ iv. Pneumatology: The study of the Holy Spirit. Themes include the works of the spirit in the life of a believer 3 v. Soteriology: The study of Salvation themes vi. Anthropology: The study of human beings vii. Angelology: The study of Angelic beings viii. Demonology: The study of the demonic realm ix. Satanology: The study of the devil x. Hamartiology: The study of sin xi. Ecclesiology: The study of the church xii. Eschatology: The study of things to come
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