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Week 1 Notes

by: Sydney Shields

Week 1 Notes PSYCH 350

Sydney Shields
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About this Document

These notes cover chapters 1 and 2
Experimental Methods in Psychology
Dr. Bailey
Class Notes




Popular in Experimental Methods in Psychology

Popular in Psychlogy

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sydney Shields on Monday February 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 350 at Kansas State University taught by Dr. Bailey in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Experimental Methods in Psychology in Psychlogy at Kansas State University.


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Date Created: 02/01/16
Chapter 1 Research producer: collecting data/research Research consumer: reading/learning data/research Psychology: human behavior, scientific method Theory Data Cycle Gather data to evaluate a theory Theory is the overall subject design; hypotheses are specific in what way to go with the theory Basic vs Applied Research Basic: examines fundamental nature Phenomena --> in lab, extend theory Applied: solving real-world problem in mind "Cheating" Experiments: Control vs Shredder Condition 10 commandments Swear on the bible Honor codes The Publication Process Collect data Submit; write manuscript Editor sends manuscript to 2-4 reviewers Reviewers critically review manuscript; make publication decision Accept; reject; or revise and re-submit Chapter 2 Your experience Ignore evidence because experience says otherwise Experience doesn't have a comparison group Compared to what? Treatment and non-treatment present/absent? Experience is confounded When evaluating own experience, not able to control for multiple, co-occurring effects on our moods or behaviors Research us problematic Findings are meant to explain a certain proportion of possible cases Even if it could work to your advantage, there is a higher probability to learn better if you learn over time Your Intuition Availability heuristic - important in the decision making part of psychology Make decisions based on information that comes to mind easily Tend to over-estimate based on the experience and they come to mind more easily Minds are biased Failing to think of things we cannot see We focus on when something happens vs when it does not happen Present-Present bias Tend to ignore when things aren’t happening Focusing on evidence we like best Cherry pick//conformation bias We seek and accept only the evidence that supports what we already think We don’t like to be wrong Asking biased questions to get expected answers We ask questions that are more likely to give the desired answers Biased responses to biased questions Trusting Authorities on the Subject Are authorities opinions reliable? Based on their experience = NO No control group Based on their intuition = NO Based on their research = YES Or quoting research of someone else Research is best Consulting scientific sources Types of research information written for a scientific audience Empirical journal articles Review journal articles Edited books Full-length books


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