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CRM337: Week 1

by: Carissa Meier
Carissa Meier
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Introduction to Deviance and Deviant Behavior. a summary of GIlgun's article and the Continuum of victim-offender relationships. Durkin and Bryant's article on Excuses and Justifications (as well a...
Deviance and Society
Dr. Peter Wood
Class Notes
deviance, Society, criminology, sociology




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Carissa Meier on Monday February 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CRM 337 at Eastern Michigan University taught by Dr. Peter Wood in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Deviance and Society in Criminology and Criminal Justice at Eastern Michigan University.

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Date Created: 02/01/16
CRM/SOC 337:  Deviance and Society 1­7­2016 1. What is a Deviant? a. Deviance emerges from the process of interaction b. 3 Main characteristics i. Some kind of category created (law, widely shared norm…etc.)  ii. Someone must violate/be seen as voiding the category.  iii. Some party/institution must react to this behavior.  c. What constitutes deviant Behavior?  i. Any activity that violates a law or widely shared norm.  ii. Reactive Conception of Deviance –  1. How onlookers perceive an activity, considered negative ONLY  because it gets a negative reaction.  2. Deviant Behavior  Being labeled Deviant.  a. Most people participate in deviant behavior; however, if they frequently  participate in it they themselves become labeled Deviant.  3. Types of Deviance a. Pure Deviance i. Against the law, clearly outlined.  b. Secret Deviance i. Victimless crime; often involving 2 consensual parties, exchanging legal  goods. Very difficult to enforce.  c. Residual Rule­Breaking i. Behavior for which there is no specific label/law against.  4. Public Policy and Deviant Behavior: What should be done about Deviant Behavior?  a. Current Public Policy: Punish, isolate, humiliate, make example of…etc.  5. Functionalism a. Deviants contribute to society by publicizing the “Rules”, to set boundaries and  define what it means to be deviant.  b. Deviance inspires social control.  Pedophilia and Deviant Behavior Perspectives 1­12­2016 1. Three perspectives on Deviant Behavior a. Crime b. Sin/Immorality c. Poor Taste/Style  2. Crime a. Violent Assault i. Murder, rape, burglary, theft, assault.  ii. Most severely punished b. White collar Crime/economic crimes i. Sporadic punishment, relatively weak punishments when enforces.  c. Jurisdiction i. Different laws in different states makes punishment difficult to enforce.  3. Sin/Immorality a. “Sacred moral codes” i. Hersey, blasphemy, extramarital Affairs, witchcraft…etc. ii. Original Criminal Justice system was heavily based in religion, and  controlled crime and punishment.  iii. A change in general population’s view of what constitutes immorality or  sin.  1. Look for demonstrable (measurable) harm associated with the  behavior.  a. Ideally: Increased harm, increased prohibition.  b.  Currently: It’s more ambiguous and random.  4. Poor Taste/Style a. Bad Hygiene (Not showering) b. Tattoos/Piercing   “Avengers, Conquerors, Playmates, and Lovers: Roles Played by Child Sexual Abuse  Perpetrators”  By Jane F. Gilgun 1. Sex Offenders: Pedophiles a. Child sexual abuse is the abuse of power based on the ability to manipulate,  intimidate, and coerce children.  b. The crime is specifically centered around the offenders erotic experience which  cannot be replicated with adults.  2. Continuum of Victim­Offender Relationships.  a. Avengers – Anger/revenge on someone else. b. Takers – Treat child as a commodity  c. Controllers – Manipulate/bargain for sex.  d. Conquerors – Claim to seduce children by giving them what they want, and  telling them what they want to hear. e. Playmates – Peers of their victims, sex is only one of the fun things they’ll do  with the children, “emotionally starved children themselves”  f. Lover – Infatuated with the child.  g. Soulmates – They have a hard time divorcing themselves from their victims,  narcissistic view of “loving themselves”, providing comfort for the child.  “Propagandizing Pederasty: a thematic analysis of the on­line exculpatory accounts of  unrepentant pedophiles” Keith F. Durkin & Clifton D. Bryant.  1. Types of Accounts given:  a. Excuses  i. Denial of responsibility, but with the admittance of wrong doing.  b. Justification i. Acknowledging participation in deviant activity, but claiming the activity  itself is not wrong.  2. Types of Explainations a. Condemnation of the Condemners (Social workers, Police, psychiatrists).  b. Denial of Injury (Justification of no harm) c. Claim of Benefit (Child benefits in some way) d. Appeal to loyalties (Representing children’s rights to sex)  e. BIRGing (Basking In Reflected Glory; “Well famous historical figures did it”) f. Polythematic Accounts (More than one of the above). 


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