Intro to Sociology, Week 1 Notes
Intro to Sociology, Week 1 Notes SO 1003
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rebecca Smith on Monday February 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SO 1003 at Mississippi State University taught by Robert Montgomery in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in History at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 02/01/16
Intro to Sociology Chapter 1 Sociological Imagination Sociology- study of human society C. Wright Mills- said sociology is where your personal story crosses with the larger story of history Sociological Imagination- created by C. Wright Mills; aids us in: o Connecting our own life experiences with that of the larger society and other historical facts o Questioning the habits and behaviors that are normal to us Social Institutions Social institutions- systems of units in society that help groups of people in these units socialize with each other Examples: o The family o The military o The educational system o The labor market o The legal system Social identity- how people describe themselves according to groups they choose or not choose to be a part of History of Sociology Auguste Comte- invented social physics or positivism which uses scientific laws that control behavior to understand society Harriet Martineau- first person to put Comte’s books into English; one of the first feminist sociologist Karl Marx- created the theory of historical materialism which means social change is a result from class conflict Max Weber- used term “verstenen” which means understanding; wrote “The Protestant Ethic and Spirit of Capitalism; emphasized subjectivity to be the base of interpretative sociology Emile Durkheim- founded positivist sociology; created the theory that social unity is sustained through the division of labor; conducted a suicide study to discover the effects of community, individual, and religion on individuals; used the term “anomie” which means normlessness Georg Simmel- worked with sociology of numbers called formal sociology; looked at how groups of two people is different from groups of three Divisions within Sociology Microsociology- focuses on nearby interactions, personal encounters, and collecting information through observations and interviews Macrosociology- focuses on social behaviors over complete societies or large parts using surveys and analyzing statistics Interpretive sociology- looks at the connotations people use with certain social events Positivist sociology- discovers social factors that contribute to social life by creating and testing hypotheses formed from theories; called “normal science” model of sociology Modern sociological theories include: o Functionalism o Conflict theory o Symbolic interactionism o Feminist theory o Postmodernism o Midrange theory American Sociology Early American sociology stood out at the University of Chicago which became known as the “Chicago School” Chicago thinkers: o Jane Addams o W. E. B. DuBois o W. I. Thomas o George Herbert Mead o Charles Horton Cooley The Chicago School concentrated on empirical research and believed that people’s environments, both social and physical, determine their behavior and personality Sociology tries to find patterns in different things to make a hypothesis about the functionality of societies Sociology observes how people and large and small groups interact with each other
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