New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Myth and Prehistory

by: Michelle Miles

Myth and Prehistory CLAS 2040

Michelle Miles

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Discussion of the cultural roots and history of Greek myths and their various aspects.
Greek Mythology
Bradford Hays
Class Notes
Greek, myths, mythology, history, Indo-European, Linguistics, narrative, stories, plot, characters
25 ?




Popular in Greek Mythology

Popular in Classical Studies

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Michelle Miles on Monday February 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CLAS 2040 at University of Virginia taught by Bradford Hays in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Greek Mythology in Classical Studies at University of Virginia.


Reviews for Myth and Prehistory


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/01/16
2/1/16  Myth and Prehistory    ● There are sometimes traces of Greek myths is other cultures → Why?  ○ Why these coincidences? ​ Carl Gustav Jung ​ → all humans have certain  mythological stories hardwired into our minds   ○ Or, the was a common origin, geographical diffusion  ● Very old, deeply rooted cultural fascination with “Shaman” figures, figures who have  special power over animals and nature   ● Marija Gimbutas – “The Goddess,” defined by studying prehistoric figurines, symbol of  unity of all life in Nature, symbol of fertility  ● “Old Europe”  ○ Female nature/fertility goddess(es): “mistress of animals”  ○ Matriarchal society  ○ Peaceful  ○ Agrarian  ● Indo­Europeans  ○ Male sky god  ○ Patriarchal society  ○ Warlike  ○ Hunting    ● Sir William Jones   ○ Particular fascination with the Sanskrit language   ○ Predictable language similarities → explanation: this group of languages  descended from a parent language  ○ Indo­European/Proto­Indo­European languages ­ all languages stemmed from  about 5 original languages   ○ Indo­European speakers existed as a linguistic unit until 4000­2000 BC when they  split and wandered in different directions,   ○ 2000­1100 BC – speakers of IE moved into the Greek peninsula in about   ○ 1400­1200 BC – first written evidence of proto­Greek   ○ by 700 BC – separate greek dialects already well established    ● From Indo­European linguistics to Indo­European Mythology  ○ Greek myths  ○ Early Roman “history”  ○ Sanskrit Vedas  ○ Irish Legends (Táin)  ○ Norse mythology (Eddas)  ● What aspects/themes/characters are comparable?  ○ Sky God ­ not the only god, but the “chief god” ­ IE Dyaus → Greek Zeus  ○ Divine Twins ­ Greek Dioskouroi (Castor & Polydeuces) → Indian Ashvins; both  associated with horses   ○ Cattle­Rustling ­ heroic theme, “Cattle Raid of Cooley” in Old Irish Táin → Hero  vs. Triple Cattle­Rustling ­ Greek Heracles vs. Geryon   ○ Three­headed beasts ­ IE Hellhound → Greek Cerberus    ● Georges Dumézil   ○ Theory of IE tripartite social categorization, three categories of social roles ­  “Social Tripartition”  ■ Priest/King  ■ Warrior  ■ Farmer/Herder (fertility)  ○ IE myths/customs are built around this threefold division, myths designed to  teach/perpetuate the division   ○ The Judgement of Paris ­ tale that exemplifies this theory, Paris, a Trojan prince,  called upon to judge a beauty contest between 3 Greek goddesses (Athena,  Aphrodite, Hera), each offer a bribe (kingship, wisdom/warrior, or sex with Helen  of Troy/fertility), Helen of Troy wins    ● Some IE themes are not found in Greek mythology ­ e.g. final apocalyptic battle (Norse  myth of Ragnarök)  ● Shared IE poetic tradition? → not only similar stories, but similar language to tell them   ○ Greek ​ kleos aphthiton​ ­ “glory” “undying” ­ glory that does not perish  ○ Sanskrit ​ sravah aksitam ​­ “fame” “not dying” ­ fame that does not die  ● Hektor, tamer of horses ­ another fossilized description with possible IE origins   


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.