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Soc Research Methods

by: Natasha Notetaker

Soc Research Methods Soc 323

Natasha Notetaker
GPA 3.7

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ch 1
Sociological Research Methods
Class Notes
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This 16 page Class Notes was uploaded by Natasha Notetaker on Monday February 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 323 at University of North Dakota taught by Gleditsch in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Sociological Research Methods in Sociology at University of North Dakota.


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Date Created: 02/01/16
CH 1: Inquiry & Science Outline • What you can expect to get out of this class. • Ways of knowing • Foundations of Social Science • Approaches to Social Research What do you know? • Things you ”know you know” • Things you ”know you don't know” • Things you ”don't know you don't know” How do we know? • Personal experience: something you learned as a child, interaction, done, seen, read about • Common sense: taken for granted, everyone knows that, ND is cold, the world is round • Media myth: believe or not, influential, acceptance vs agreement • Tradition & ritual • Authority & “experts”: we just accept what they say because they are experts Who does the laundry? How do we know who does the laundry? • Personal experience: I watched my mom do the laundry growing up • Common sense • Media myth: google images and tv/movies • Tradition & ritual: since 100+ years ago • Authority & “experts” Being scientific Two criteria • Logical support • Must make sense • Empirical support • Must not contradict actual observation Why is the research process important? • We are often wrong • Inaccurate observations: observations that happen unconsciously. Good- make a plan to observe and write those observations down. • Overgeneralization: after you collect data, choose to only look at a small part to make your generalization. Good- large enough sample, representative sample • Selective observation: only looked at 2 people so then you choose to only look at the people who fit the pattern you saw. Good-enough observations, different time Foundations of Social Science • Theory • Logic • Data collection • Observation: many different ways, qualitative and quantitative • Data analysis • The comparison of logic and observation: looking for patterns, expected vs observed Looking for social regularities (aka patterns) • Finding patterns • Aggregates: what we are actually studying, groups we are comparing • Individuals • Variables • Independent: gender & dependent: voting for obama- wether or not you voted (dependent on something else, caused by another variable) • Attributes: female & males in gender (within variables are attributes) ● Variables and attributes Approaches • Idiographic • A single instance: studied early, ate a good breakfast, single things that caused you to test well • Nomothetic • A class of situation or events: working in groups vs alone, sleep vs up all night, shows relationships, broad, pattern that makes you do well on tests Approaches • Induction • Data to theory • Specific observations to discovery of a pattern • Look at all exams you have taken and see when you did well and what caused it • Deduction • Theory to data • Expected pattern to observation • How would you do the best you can on this exam, should I ______?, put into a theory, test it with the exam itself Approaches • Qualitative data • Nonnumerical data • Rich description • Open ended interview, observation • Quantitative data • Numerical data • Easier to aggregate, compare, summarize • Survey, closed ended interview, What will your approach be? • Brainstorm a list of potential topics • List any experience you have conducting research. (Think broadly!) • Note any potential informants or key contacts. • Who can you talk to? Key terms • Aggregates • Attribute • Deduction • Epistemology • Generalization • Idiographic • Induction • Methodology • Nomothetic • Qualitative • Quantitative • Theory • Tradition • Variable (independent, dependent)


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