criminal justice week 2 notes
criminal justice week 2 notes Criminal justice 220
Popular in Courts and the prosecution process
Popular in Criminology and Criminal Justice
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by sydney emershaw on Monday February 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Criminal justice 220 at Pennsylvania State University taught by Mary Ann Probst in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Courts and the prosecution process in Criminology and Criminal Justice at Pennsylvania State University.
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If sydney isn't already a tutor, they should be. Haven't had any of this stuff explained to me as clearly as this was. I appreciate the help!
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Date Created: 02/01/16
Criminal justice 1/26/16 State courts Brief history of the courts How many state courts are there in our system? o 50 state courts However each state organization is not parallel to the federal courts organization Originally governors were appointed by the king and held the power States include new courts to meet their community needs o Ard, dui, drug, family drug court, mental health, veterans court Today, unification of courts is new movement. Why? o Accountability, budgeting, management , and statistical information gathering State court structure State=4 tiers, (federal=3 tiers) o Courts of limited jurisdiction traffic and non-traffic o General jurisdiction o Intermediate appellate courts o State supreme court Limited Jurisdiction Jurisdiction is specific o Pennsylvania magisterial district judge (MDJ) Handle traffic, summary cases and misdemeanors Punishments range from o Fine, probation, short term jail sentences In Pennsylvania, MDJ can accept an M3 plea Overview- ultimately swift justice low cost o No record created here o Can appeal to a trial court It is a de novo appeal De novo- hearing everything again o Conduct preliminary hearings in criminal matters o Shabby locations with little resources Other states can be called o Justice of the peace, municipal court, magistrate General Jurisdiction In Pennsylvania- court of common pleas Trial court level Can be specific to a certain area of law o Family, criminal, estate etc. What do they do o Preside over appeals from limited J court o Preside over cases civil and criminal o Court of record Intermediate appellate courts In Pennsylvania- the superior court of Pennsylvania and the commonwealth court Primary role o Review judgments of the trial courts and administrative agencies o Cases are heard by panels of judges not just one State supreme court In Pennsylvania- the supreme court of Pennsylvania Last stop for state appealable matters Court decided if they hear a case Death penalty cases are a direct appeal to this court Some states have no intermediate appellate structure so supreme court must hear all appeals Policy o Write opinions and hope the legislature will enact a change o Inteperet a statute so I becomes ineffective and must be revised Specialized Courts New trends Traditional model vs modern model=special courts Purpose of trial and/ or guilty pleas? o Determine guilt or innocence of D, close a case, PUNISHMENT Incarceration model not effective o Recidivism rates are high o Prison expanse and crowding are issues Grew out of: o Problem oriented policing o Broken windows theory: take care of the smaller problems and it will take care of the larger problems Traditional Emphasis Sentence, incarceration, probation, parole-aka punishment Judges ensure law is followed and sentence Ds in with the law Specialized courts Shift in paradigm o Tailored sentences and treatment to the Ds needs Goal of special courts o Reduce recidivism Court look to o Address deficiencies in social or community institutions o Provide therapeutic intervention o Divert habitual petty offenders into programs to address issues o Ds can avoid jail, just need to put effort into treatment Specialized courts features Judges o Monitor Ds from begging to end Collaboration o Teams best serve the needs of the participation Non traditional o Cooperation both prosecution and defense Therapeutic jurisprudence and voluntary participation of D Outcome based o Can we assist D to not recidivate Criminal justice 1/28 Different types of specialized courts Dui Domestic violence Drug court Family drug court Mental health court Reentry court DUI court Early id Remove from trial track Meet with judge on weekly, biweekly basis Complete journals Receive rewards and sanctions D and A treatment Domestic violence court Id and assist victim’s needs and involve community Judge o Maintains contact to ensure compliance with order and attendance Resource coordinator o Prepares the offender and victim and ids problems Victim advocate o Assists with safety plans housing, counseling Drug court structure Emphasize treatment Court and treatment team work together Keep the offender in treatment Divert out of traditional process o Early identification and entry into program o Non-adversarial approach o Testing and reporting o Access to treatment o Therapeutic strategies to keep the offender in the program Family Drug Court Team meetings to determine screened applicants Provide treatment options Visits with children Rewards and sanctions Parent education Mental Health Court Team admission Strict supervision-adherence to meds Keep in attendance at therapy sessions Reentry court Oversight and support Ds going back into the community Reduce prison population Identify housing Locate treatment options outside of prison Assist in job placement
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