New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Psyc 474 Week 2 notes

by: Clarissa Hinshaw

Psyc 474 Week 2 notes Psyc 474

Clarissa Hinshaw
GPA 3.5

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Notes for chapter 2
Psychological Basis of Sexuality
Ellen Lee
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Psychological Basis of Sexuality

Popular in Psychlogy

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Clarissa Hinshaw on Monday February 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc 474 at Northern Illinois University taught by Ellen Lee in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 68 views. For similar materials see Psychological Basis of Sexuality in Psychlogy at Northern Illinois University.


Reviews for Psyc 474 Week 2 notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/01/16
Chapter 2 Research Methods in Human Sexuality  Scientific method: used in all sciences, shows the steps of how to properly conduct  research. o Formulate a research question: something to be answered by the research.  Example: Does watching porn help or hurt a couple’s relationship?  o Form a hypothesis from the question: example: watching porn damages a  couple’s relationship. o Test the hypothesis: conduct a study to see if the hypothesis is supported.  Example: The researcher could gather a sample of couples and have them watch  porn in the lab. A year later, the same couples could complete a survey, stating if  they are still together and rating level of relationship satisfaction.  o Draw conclusions: evaluate the results to see if the hypothesis is supported or  rejected. Example: The results of this experiment could find of most couples  being split up or dissatisfied in their relationship this would support the  hypothesis. Results showing satisfaction in relationships would reject the  hypothesis.     Results of scientific studies are used to explain and predict behavior.   Sampling methods: o Random sample: people of all demographics have an equal chance of  participating. These are especially difficult to gather in sexuality surveys because  some may refuse to participate.  o Stratified Random Sample: a sample where subgroups are known, encourages  diversity. Example: a certain number of white, black, Hispanic, and Asian people  represented.   Methods of research o Case study: interviewing specific people to learn from their stories. Can also look at public records or ask close relatives of the personExample: asking grandpa  about societal sexual attitudes during his young adulthood to gain understanding  of how social norms have changed.  o Survey: a questionnaire sent to a large sample to obtain general information. Less expensive than interviews. Example: a survey asking teenagers about what sexual  behaviors they have engaged in to see what common adolescent behaviors.   Alfred Kinsey interviewed thousands of adults about their sexual behavior, published  these results, and taught the ‘marriage course’ to college students. However, his research  was flawed, as it was often not confidential.   Magazine surveys usually obtain high samples, but many readers are liberal and only a  small part of the general population.  Sometimes data from sexuality subjects are difficult to record because of societal  pressure to conform. Even with confidentiality, some are still afraid their personal  information will get out someday.  Men often claim to be more sexual than they are and women tend to claim they are less  sexual.   Naturalist­Observation: watching humans or other animals without disturbing them.  Also referred to as a field study. Examples: watching couples on the downtown strip of  town or parents and children in a grocery store. Unobtrusive observation is often used  with this method, as it does not disturb the subject or influence their behavior.   Ethnographic Observation: observing different ethnicities.  Participant­Observation: experimenter learns about behavior by engaging with the  participant. Example: many experimenters used to have sexual encounters with their  participants.   Laboratory­Observation: sexual behavior is watched by observers in the lab.  o Penile strain gauge and Vaginal plethysmograph: too which are able to  measure blood flow to human genitals o This method used to be considered voyeurism, but not so much now.  Correlation: a relationship between two variables. Correlation doesn’t=causation. A  correlation coefficient is statistic from ­1 to 1 showing the strength of a correlation. The  closer to 1 on the scale, the stronger the correlation If the coefficient is negative, there is  a negative correlation. If the correlation coefficient is positive, there is a positive  correlation. Example: if masturbation has a +.9 correlation with relationship satisfaction,  you can conclude of masturbation having a strong positive correlation with relationship  satisfaction.   Experiment: a study done in a controlled lab setting where one or more variables are  manipulated. There is often a control group as well where no variables are manipulated,  or participants are given a placebo (fake pill or drug). Example: If we wanted to test the  effects of the birth control pill on sexual arousal, we would randomly assign some  participants to a group who takes a birth control pill (the experimental group) and others  to a group who takes a placebo pill (the control group).  Ethics o Potential harm: participants must be told of any risks or potential harm possibly  coming out of the experiment. Example: A survey on rape experiences could  possibly bring up feelings of PTSD.  o Confidentiality: answers of each participant must be kept anonymous. Example:  answers to an interview on past sexual behaviors must be kept anonymous and  names must be changed in publications.  o Informed consent: participants must give permission for the experiment before  data can be collected.  o Use of deception: misleading information given to participants to keep results  unbiased in some studies. Example: Telling participants they are taking Viagra  when they really received a placebo to see if there is a placebo effect (acting like a drug is helping because they think are taking it). 


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.