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Soc 354, Week 2 notes

by: Clarissa Hinshaw

Soc 354, Week 2 notes Soc 354

Clarissa Hinshaw
GPA 3.5

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Notes for the week 2 readings
Families and Social Change
Jan Reynolds
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Clarissa Hinshaw on Monday February 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 354 at Northern Illinois University taught by Jan Reynolds in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 68 views. For similar materials see Families and Social Change in Sociology at Northern Illinois University.

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Date Created: 02/01/16
Perspectives of families  Consensus: views families as cooperative units who share morals, ideas, and values.  Example: families who encourage and equal say in events including parental punishment, chores, and activities.  o Structural functionalism: popular idea during the twentieth century.  o Breadwinner, homemaker family: popular during the 1950s, the patriarchal  structural where the husband worked for pay and the wife stayed home with  children, cooked meals, and cleaned the house.   Conflict: the belief of conflict being unavoidable and necessary for social change.  Example: a president fighting people in congress of other political parties to create  changes improving families.   Contemporary theories  o Feminism: belief of all genders being treated equally in society. Example: a  woman should receive the same amount of pay as a man for the same job and  amount of work.  o Exchange: providing something for something else in return. Example: in a  heterosexual couple with a younger woman and an older man, the woman would  be providing the ability for the man to have children and the older man would be  providing financial stability for the woman.  o Symbolic interaction: people seeing themselves through the point of view of  others, and behaving accordingly. This includes all the roles a person can have  such as student, employee, parent, child, etc. o Modernity: also called contemporary theory, how families have changed over  time. Example: some believe families are disappearing completely, rather than  growing and diversifying.  o Demographic: how family structures affect society. Example: increases in  teenage parenting can increase the dependence on the government and taxpayers  for welfare and food stamps.   Research methods o Sample survey: questions are asked to a large sample of people anonymously and responses are recorded. Example: the online polls on who the public thinks won  each presidential primary debate.  o Longitudinal studies: a sample is selected, then retested later. Example: to study  the effect of parental divorce of marriage attitudes of their children, a sample of  recently divorced parents and children would be selected. The children would be  contact thirty years later to see if they have married, cohabitated, or stayed mostly single during their adulthood.  o In­Depth interview: also called a case study, shows a closer look at family life.  Example: interviewing your parents about marriage attitudes.  o Time­Use study: study in which a person records daily activities to see how a  person manages their time. These are particularly helpful when assessing  work/school/family balance. 


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