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Abnormal Psych Notes 1/27

by: Carrie Lanphear

Abnormal Psych Notes 1/27 2270

Marketplace > University of Vermont > Psychlogy > 2270 > Abnormal Psych Notes 1 27
Carrie Lanphear
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About this Document

These are the notes from 1/27
Abnormal Psychology
Class Notes




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Carrie Lanphear on Monday February 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2270 at University of Vermont taught by in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Vermont.


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Date Created: 02/01/16
1/27 History of Humanistic approach  1950-60’s industrialization  people are becoming alienated- feeling detached from the present time in life  constantly worrying about future and the past (what wasn’t good enough)  German Philosopher: Carl Marx  Communist Manifesto  Underlying issue: the society around the person becomes the problem  Help the individual reach their insight to self  Assumption- each person sees the world from a unique perspective  Assumption- everyone is able to become self aware  Assumption- all humans are basically good and self directed  Strive for self actualization- we all have ability and want to be better  Therapist uses mechanism of change to help the person learn to love themselves  Unconditional positive regard- love (sense of complete acceptance and respect of individual)  2 types of empathy (technique) o Primary empathy- repeating what they say (making sure they heard you) o Advanced empathy- interprets what the client says and gives it meaning (makes assumption and guesses how they feel taking it to another level)  Advantages: o Can help with self esteem o Can be used as a general approach o Focuses on importance of relationship with therapist and client  Disadvantages o Some personality disorders can’t use just therapy to fix or tap into- some need actual hospitalization o Not scientifically based o Doesn’t explain the causes of the specific disorder- why they experience what they’re experiencing  These approaches aren’t used alone bc they aren’t effective- it’s a good teaching method but it doesn’t help much alone Gestalt Therapy by Fritz Perls  Very direct and almost rude- forces them to think  Telling the person to listen to themselves and look further  Individual is detached from self and they aren’t listening to their body  Technique: o Non-verbal ques o Movement emphasizes deeper meaning o Let the body speak o Attack things head on- talk about o Play things out in session o Metaphors used to reach the self and speak to us  “I” statements important o others aren’t important, it’s your fault Cognitive Approach  if we change our thoughts we will be able to change our mood. If we change our emotion, we can change our behavior  avoidance  interested in how people interpret events- what meaning they give to things  The way we interpret the world, ourselves, and the future has to do with schemas  Schemas- blueprints that we all have that help us understand ourselves and others o We develop schemas by our experiences  Focuses on changing perspectives so you can change your ideas about yourself and others  Beck and Ellis  Ellis developed rational and emotional behavioral therapy- attacking your issues head on and learning you aren’t scared anymore (sitting next to women 100 times)  Exposing yourself to the event to help yourself  Techniques o Cognitive restructuring- challenging the way you believe and see if it’s accurate  Advantages: o Has lots of research to test hypothesis and effectiveness o Utilized for mood disorders o Utilized for other disorders o Makes sense to patients- simple enough to grasp and follow  Disadvantages: o Lot of work for patient o Difficult to apply to individuals who aren’t sophisticated verbally Behavior therapy  Goal is to change behavior  Trying to improve by actually facing fears slowly and changing as you go  The individual has learned to associate something with the response- goal is to dissociate that height=danger…try to break that thought  Allowing individual to expose themselves to their fear and correct the experience and make them realize the unlikeliness of that bad thing happening  Try to reproduce sensation so they know how to feel it 


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