New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Chapter 1

by: Larresa Kelpin

Chapter 1 GEOG 104

Marketplace > Kansas > Geography > GEOG 104 > Chapter 1
Larresa Kelpin
GPA 3.0

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Notes from chapter 1, first week of class.
Principles of Physical Geography
Johnson, William
Class Notes
GEOG104, Johnson, geography, Principles of Physical Geography, KU, university of kansas
25 ?




Popular in Principles of Physical Geography

Popular in Geography

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Larresa Kelpin on Monday February 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 104 at Kansas taught by Johnson, William in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 106 views. For similar materials see Principles of Physical Geography in Geography at Kansas.


Reviews for Chapter 1


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/01/16
CHAPTER 1| INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY 1 Learning Objectives 1. Comprehend the character and scope of geography as a scientific discipline. 2. Discuss the concept of spatial analysis and how it relates to geography. 3. Define the subdisciplines of physical geography. 4. Explain the concept of a natural system. 5. Define the four Earth spheres. 6. Describe how the scientific method is used in physical geography. 7. Discuss why physical geography is relevant to many human/environment issues. THE SCOPE OF GEOGRAPHY § Geography - A word derived from the Greek words for “Earth description” - An ancient discipline that examines the spatial attributes of the Earth’s surface and how they differ from one place to another. - Has likely been important to the human experience for tens of thousands of years. * Geographical awareness would have been absolutely essential in prehistoric times to sustain human life and communities. - For thousands of years, geography was a descriptive discipline that focused on the general location and character of places and features on the landscape. - Geography slowly became an academic discipline with numerous specialized subfields. Scientists became experts in areas such as: * Geology * Meteorology * Ecology * Human cultural differences - Interest grew between the 15 th and 19thcenturies when explorers such as Christopher Columbus, Ferdinand Magellan, James Cook, Charles Darwin, and Lewis and Clark began to explore the uncharted parts of the world. § Most geographers consider themselves primarily either physical or human specialists. CHAPTER 1| INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY 2 § All subfields of geography are based on the same five themes: 1. Location: the exact position where something is found on Earth. 2. Movement: related to the way that geographical variables flow from one locality to another. 3. Place: reflects the characteristics that make a certain location distinct. 4. Human/environment interactions: acknowledges the complex bond between people and nature. 5. Region: an area that shares one or more common characteristics. § All geographers share a common methodology that makes them part of the overall discipline: spatial analysis. Larresa Kelpin 2/8/2016 10:35 PM § Most geographers want to know the answer to a pair of Comment [1]: A method of analyzing data that questions about any geographical variable: where and why. specifically includes information about the location of places and their defining DEFINING PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY characteristics. § Physical geography is the spatial analysis of the physical components and natural processes that combine to form the environment. - Some examples are air, water, rocks, vegetation and soil. § The term process broadly refers to a series of actions that can be measure and that produce a predictable end result. CHAPTER 1| INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY 3 - Often products of the energy that flows from the Sun to Earth in the form of solar radiation. Some examples are: * Circulation of the atmosphere * Distribution of vegetation * Formation of soils * Move of water in the air and streams, and collection in lakes. § Many processes behave in an interconnected way within natural systems where one environmental variable has a direct impact on another. - Complex - Greater than the sum of their parts - The processes within them do not occur in isolation from one another - Self-organizing entities that internally adjust toward equilibrium. § Physical geographers invoke systems theory in their studies. Larresa Kelpin 2/8/2016 10:35 PM Comment [2]: The examination of interactions The Earth’s Four Spheres involving energy inputs and outputs that result in predictable outcomes. 1. Atmosphere: composed of many critical components essential to life (oxygen, carbon, water, and nitrogen) that flow Larresa Kelpin 2/8/2016 11:12 PM around Earth. Comment [3]: The gaseous shell that surrounds Earth. 2. Lithosphere: provides the habitat and nutrients for many life forms. Larresa Kelpin 2/8/2016 11:13 PM 3. Hydrosphere: absolutely critical to life and is one with Comment [4]: A layer of solid, brittle rock that comprises the outer 70 km (44 mi) of Earth. which humans regularly interact. Larresa Kelpin 2/8/2016 11:18 PM 4. Biosphere: the portion of Earth that supports life. Comment [5]: The part of Earth where water, in all its forms flows and is stored. Human Interactions with the Environment § Global climate change - Human industrial activities are increasing the levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, which is contributing significantly to global climate change. § Deforestation - Clearing of the tropical rainforests at a very rapid rate leads to soil erosion, loss of wildlife habitat, and species extinctions. § Farmland loss - Due to increasing global population, farmland is being converted to economic development and residential housing. CHAPTER 1| INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY 4 - Causes more intensive farming of agricultural soils, which increases risk of soil erosion and pollution due to the extensive use of fertilizers and pesticides. § Natural hazards - Includes hurricanes, tornadoes, flooding, earthquakes, and volcanoes. - Particularly important to study and understand as the global population grows, causing increasing numbers of people to move into areas that are prone to extreme natural events.


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.