City Upon a Hill Notes
City Upon a Hill Notes AHTG
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madysin Leavitt on Monday February 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AHTG at Brigham Young University taught by Richard Kimball in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see American Heritage in General Science at Brigham Young University.
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Date Created: 02/01/16
A City Upon a Hill- Chapter 1 Sovereignty= ultimate political power or having the final say. An example of this is the brown vs. board caseà federal law trumps the state law. Despot= when the ruler is exercising absolute power. -people generally favor absolute tyranny over absolute anarchy An escape from this=good society (prosperous, freedoms, stable, orderly) -Remember example of Athensà influences Americans founding. What makes them? Why are they rare? Why don’t they last very long? Political Legitimacy 1- People with leadership skills getting followers divine right of kings (God establishes the Kings to rule by divine decree) 2- Everyone is spoken to through scripture 3- Leaders are “divinely inspired” Theocracy. Aristocracy=rule based on distinguished or wise ancestors and Heritage. (the people are the ones to consent to be governed) “Consent” is the answer to the whole legitimacy question Freedom= the highest freedom we can obtain comes from observing society’s rules 1. Greek arête- Cardinal values are wisdom, moderation, courage, and justice. 2. Christians golden rule- being noble 3. European Enlightenment- driven by self interest (me first). The four forms of Government Classical Republicanism- they believe that human nature is essentially good and that there should be less government authority. They say that men aren’t corrupt, but are corruptible, and can be taught correct moral values. Liberalism- Human nature is essentially good, and more government authority. They say that the government should protect the people from corrupt institutions. Libertarianism- Believe that human nature is corrupt and there should be less government authority. Human nature is variable, but individual freedom should be the goal of government. Autocracy- Human nature is corrupt and there should be more government authority. People are like children and need direction from the government. Government and Economics There is a relationship between the two! As much as we try and separate the two, they still have many connections. Founders “toolbox” 1. structure 2. participation 3. law 4. custom and tradition 5. moral sense 6. founding myths 7. leadership The social compact is when people are living in a “state of nature” and they find common ground!
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