week 3 notes
week 3 notes PSCI 1040
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by UNT_Scientist on Saturday April 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSCI 1040 at University of North Texas taught by Gloria Cox in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Goverment in Political Science at University of North Texas.
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Date Created: 04/09/16
Week 3 The legislative branch: the congress and the Texas legislature chapter 6 o The concept of representation The first meaningful use of concept of representation was in the American and French revolutions; it was an important issue when the U.S. Constitution was written The great compromise resolved this important issue and saved the convention o Representation The meaning of representation is always under debate. Is it people, geographic area, an ideology, or something else? And should representatives vote as we would vote or as their expertise and values tell them to vote? o Roots of the us congress Section 1. All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives. A term of congress last two years. It begins in an odd numbered year and ends in an evennumbered year. Each year is called a session. We are in the second session of 114 congress Congress has 435 members Congress is organized by political party. The party that dominates the House provides the leadership for the House, including all committees. The party that dominates the Senate provides the leadership for the Senate, including all committees. o Differences House Senate Every house member represents a district Every senator represents Serves 2 year a state House must originate revenue bills closer to Serves 6 year terms people Approves presidential House initiates impeachment and passes articles appointments (cabinet, of impeachment courts) Has a rules committee, which controls debate Approves treaties power centralized around speaker relatively high Holds trails on Articles of turnover compared with senate impeachment 435 members based on size of state Water leadership individual senators very powerful Can filibuster legislation 100 members with two from each state o Leadership Speaker of the house is elected by the membership, and is always the dominant part. The speaker is next in line for the presidency after the VP The Vice President is the leader of the senate o Reapportionment and redistributing First congress was in 1789 and had 65 members With each census, more members were added until House membership was frozen at 435 in 1910 After each Census, districts have to be redrawn and Members reallocated. The 435 members are reapportioned. When district lines are redrawn, it is called redistricting Jerry meandering when districts are drawn politically o The power of incumbency Members of congress have a good chance of getting elected as many times as they want, they get a seat. Several factors help them: They service strategy Project to help the people in the District Less now due to pork barrel spending Fundraising Disadvantages Angry voters Scandals Effects of elections Turnout issues Presidential candidates Superpac spending against the incumbent o Powers of congress Investigate issues and bring them to national attention (think of homelessness, health care, hunger, decaying infrastructure) Oversees and investigates the bureaucracy. Committees can subpoena information and people, crossexamine people, bring criminal charges for contempt and so on Enumerated taxes Levy taxes Borrow money Regulate commerce Establish rules for naturalization Coin money Punish counterfeiting Investigated by secret service Establish post offices Issue patent and copyrights Create courts Declare wars o How time is spent Attending committee meetings Working on legislation Conducting investigations Carrying out oversight Working on legislation in other ways Meeting with lobbyists and representatives of interest in the home district Talking with other members Handling cases work Mostly a staff function Doing things in home district Holding town hall meetings Attending events Riding in parades Going to sporting events and school events Dealing with the media To stay in the news and in control of message Working toward reflection Fundraising Staying in touch with constituents Working with party leaders Enact legislation A bill is written A bill is introduced can be started in house or senate Gets referred to committee Gets sent to the floor Can be open or closed If starts at senate it gets sent to the house rules committee Set to the house floor The same version has to be passed in both houses President signs the bill Veto (all for nothing) Pocket veto (congress has to be in session for more than 10 days or else it is vetoed) Veto override 2/3 majority in house
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