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SPN2240 -- Spanish 4 -- Lección 7

by: Gabrielle Isgar

SPN2240 -- Spanish 4 -- Lección 7 SPN2240

Marketplace > Florida State University > Spanish > SPN2240 > SPN2240 Spanish 4 Lecci n 7
Gabrielle Isgar
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These notes include: Asi lo veo I Asi lo veo II Asi lo veo III -- grammar concepts, culture translations, and any other information from the book. + a vocabulary list which includes all vo...
Intermediate Spanish II
Jhoanna Mendez
Class Notes
spanish, Asi lo veo, SPN2240




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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Gabrielle Isgar on Monday February 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SPN2240 at Florida State University taught by Jhoanna Mendez in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 64 views. For similar materials see Intermediate Spanish II in Spanish at Florida State University.


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Date Created: 02/01/16
Lección 7 Así lo veo I: Palabras Engañosas Rezar vs. orar Rezar/orar = to pray Rezar - in Islamic, Catholic and Jewish culture is used more Means: to recite something established, such as The Lord's Prayer Orar - used more by Christians, like "los evangélicos" or all non-Catholic Christians Means: to speak to God in a personal way Amigo Falso Predicar = to preach Pronosticar = to predict El Condicional Used if: Hypothetical statement:  The conditions don't exist  Used to express what might happen given the circumstances  What they would do Projected from past:  "I said I would do it"  At the time I spoke, I was projecting doing something later on Formed by adding an -ía- ending to the infinitive -ía - íamos -ías -íais -ía -ían Irregular verbs: Poder: podr- Tener: tendr- Hacer: har- Decir: dir- Las religiones del mundo hispano  Catholicism is, hands down, the most popular religion in Latin America o 70-95% of the population in the Hispanic countries identify as catholic  The Catholicism they practice in Latin America is not the same that they practice in the US or Europe o In some areas of Mexico, Central America and indigenous countries, Catholicism is a mixture of traditional prehispanic elements o Results in a mixture of indigenous gods and Catholic saints  In the past years, the number of Catholics hasn't increased notably o In Guatemala,  "los evangélicos" make up 25% of the population  "los evangélicos" = All non-Catholic Christians o In Spain,  Don't have the same success  Resulting from the immigration from Africa 2-5% of the Hispanic population is Muslim  The Jewish community is also present in the Spanish world o In Argentina,  As a result of the immigration provoked by the expulsion and persecutions that happened in Europe, most of them are concentrated here Así lo veo II: Palabras Engañosas Temor vs. miedo Temor/miedo = to fear Miedo - used to express the feeling of distress when in front of danger; usually used with tener or dar El temor de Dios (the fear of God) - in this context, temor implicates a moderate fear accompanied by reverence and respect Le negación  Spanish uses double negation with words like nada, nadie, ningún (ninguno/a), nunca, jamás, or tampoco if a no is present  Nadie, nunca and tampoco are frequently used without the no, in which case they must precede the verb and any object pronounds o Examples: Nadie lo cree. No one believes it/him. Nunca lo diría. I would never say that. Tampoco lo creo. I don't believe it/him either. Así lo veo III: El Maravilloso Verbo Pedir  Pedir: to order (something) (in a restaurant)  Pedirle algo a alguien: to ask someone for something  Pedirle que + subjuntivo: to ask someone to do something  Pedir por: to ask (something) on behalf of/for (the sake of someone)  Pedirle la mano (a alguien): to ask for someone's hand in marriage Lo + adjetivo  The neuter article lo can be used with adjectives to make nouns in Spanish  Lo único, for example, would be the only thing  Lo físico would be the physical Repaso del preterite y del imperfecto Preterite:  Used to talk about isolated events in the past that advance a story  -ar endings o -é, -aste, -ó, -amos, -aron  -er/-ir endings o -í, -iste, -ió, -imos, -ieron Imperfect:  Used for background events and states, things that were ongoing or in progress when something else happened  -ar endings o -aba, -abas, -aba, -ábamos, -aban  -er/-ir endings o -ía, -ías, -ía, -íamos, -ían Santos y vírgenes en el mundo hispano  In Latin America and Spain, like the rest of the countries, they believe in <<el santo patron>> o Considered the saint that protects a certain group of people o Ex. San Cristobal is considered the patron saint for travelers o Ex. Senora del Rosario is considered the protector of Guatemala and Colombia  Most of the countries have <<un santo patron>> and <<una santa patrona>> o The female saint is someone like <<la Virgen Maria>> o Every year they worship them during <<las fiestas patronales>>  El santoral -- the calendar of saints that indicates the date that you celebrate these fiestas  The idea of the patron saint came about in the indigenous areas colonized by Spain in response to <<las misiones religiosas>> o During this time the monks found a patron saint for each pueblo considering two factors:  La cercania a una fecha importante en el santoral catolico  The closeness to an important date in the santoral catolico  El santo patron del fundador de la mision o del fraile francisano a cargo  The patron saint that funded the mission or the monk that was in charge  Even though we don’t know all the details of the start of all these patron saints, we do know that the celebration of these patron parties is deeply rooted in Hispanic customs o Their devotion has maintained this tradition since the times of conquest Spanish Word/Phrase Translation los evangélicos all non-Catholic Christians cualquier any el/la ateo/a athiest la creencia belief el/la budista buddhist el/la católico/a catholic cristiano/a christian los mandamientos commandments vacío/a empty el encuentro encounter la primera comunión first communion el hueco hollow (n.), empty space íntimo/a intimate, private la misa Mass materialista materialism musulmán Muslim el dolor pain la filantropía philanthropy puro/a pure el descanso rest, break el camino road, path la espiritualidad spirituality la Biblia the Bible la creatividad the creativity la necesidad the need la presencia the presence el servicio the service bautizar (c ) to baptize creer (y) en to believe in apegarse (gu) a to cling to; to attach to confesarse (ie) to confess llenar to fill perdonar to forgive inculcar (qu) to instill ocupar to occupy ofrecer (zc) to offer rezar (c ), orar to pray predicar (qu) to preach pronosticar to predict renunciar to renounce, to quit satisfacer (likehacer) to satisfy considerar to consider dejar huella en to leave a lasting impression on (someone) el relleno filling el sol sun el temor fear, dread el/la conocido/a acquiantance el/la hipócrita hypocrite filosofar to philosophoize la armonía harmony la huella trace, footprint la luna moon saltar to jump, to leap soberbio/a arrogant, proud subirse a to go up to darle (irreg.) gracias (a alguiento give thanks (to somebody) for educar (qu) to educate el/la creyente believer el/la santo/a saint encajar to fit escoger (j) to pick, to choose indudablemente undoubtedly, doubtless la concepción idea; conception, understanding la corriente current, movement la devoción devotion manejar to drive morirse (ue, u) to die pedir to order (something) pedir por to ask something on behalf of someone pedirle (I,i) algo (a alguien) to ask for something (from someone) pedirle la mano (a alguien) to ask for someone's hand in marriage pedirle que + subjuntivo to ask someone to do something pegado/a attached to revelar to reveal vender to sell


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