CJUS 3130, Chapter 1 notes
CJUS 3130, Chapter 1 notes CJUS 3101-001
University of Memphis
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Raianna Parker on Monday February 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CJUS 3101-001 at University of Memphis taught by DuPont in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see Research methods in Criminal Justice at University of Memphis.
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Date Created: 02/01/16
Chapter 1: Science, Society, and Criminological Research I. Errors in Reasoning a. Overgeneralization i. What is true in one case, may not be true in all cases b. Selective Observation i. Look at things according to personal beliefs, regardless of fact c. Inaccurate Observation i. We think we see something that didn't occur/perceive the same situation differently from someone else/miscommunication occur d. Illogical Reasoning i. Draw conclusions from invalid assumptions e. Resistance to Change i. New info fails to change one's mind II. Scientific Approach a. Att em pts to be different b. Attempts to reduce error i. Is it successful? ii. What factors influence this success/failure? III. Research in Practice a. Descriptive i. Define and describe, count ii. Who? What? Where? When? How many? b. Exploratory i. More info on newly identified areas/concerns ii. What's going on? c. Explanatory i. Cause and effect ii. Why? d. Evaluation i. Effects of intervention ii. See chart below IV. Types of Research Methods a. Experimental i. Used most often in evaluation research 1. Two/more groups 2. Random assignment 3. Assessment of change ii. QuasiExperimental designs b. Asking questions i. Directly use surveys and facetoface interviews ii. Indirectly use records to answer questions by extracting specific items of info c. Participant and other filed observation i. Observe something in its natural environment, as it happens ii. Intensive interviews to obtain indepth info d. Secondary data i. Content analysis ii. Analysis of data collected for another study/purpose iii. Crime mapping V. Approaches to Research a. Quantitative using numbers to describe social phenomena i. Count events ii. Analyze info with statistical technique b. Qualitative written/spoken words with no direct numerical interpretation i. Interpretation of events observed as they occur VI. Validity a. Measurement measure what we think it measures b. Generalizability conclusions from our study hold true outside limited research setting c. Causal (Internal) we are correct when we conclude "A" leads to/results in "B"
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