Week 8 Notes
Week 8 Notes Sociology 100
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kirsten Swikert on Saturday April 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Sociology 100 at Western Kentucky University taught by Dr. James Kanan in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Western Kentucky University.
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Date Created: 04/09/16
Sex and Gender • Does it matter if you’re born male or female? o Remember gender advantages exercise • Sex and gender tend to be conceptualized as two-category, mutually exclusive groups: male and female • Sex: determined by largely visible biological characteristics like primary and secondary sex characteristics (X and Y chromosomes) o Primary: very obvious physical characteristics revealing sex o Secondary: physical characteristics associated with a certain sex • Gender: socio-cultural characteristics and expectations that include ideas about masculinity and femininity • Two category system? o Dutee Chand: India’s 100m champion, born with hyperandrogenism (her body produces more male hormones), she is now only allowed to race in the male category even though she is a female Concepts Relating to Gender • Gender roles and norms o How do women and men behave normally? § Women sit with crossed legs or ankles normally, men sit with their legs apart § Culturally based expectations associated with each gender • Gender identity: sense of self as being male or female and masculine or feminine Transitions of Women’s Roles • Three historical waves of feminist movements th a. Late 19 century: emergethas part of the fight against slavery i. Produced the 19 Amendment b. 1950s-1970s: questioned traditional roles of men and women c. Ongoing: women choose roles, mix and match traditional or new Gender Stratification • Different ranking based on sex o Why is it ok for girls to dress like boys but not for boys to dress like girls o Always #LikeAGirl • Sexism o Beliefs that one sex is inferior used to justify inequality and discrimination § Fertility rates vary depending on sex of previous child • Functionalism o Importance of division of labor in early societies • Conflict o Patriarchy (male dominated) originated with ownership of property including women • Economic equality: pay gap of 79%
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