Paleolithic Objects Notes
Paleolithic Objects Notes Art H 111
Popular in Ancient through medieval art
Popular in Art
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Joanna Nawn on Monday February 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Art H 111 at Pennsylvania State University taught by Dr. Bruhn in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 58 views. For similar materials see Ancient through medieval art in Art at Pennsylvania State University.
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Date Created: 02/01/16
Paleolithic Objects Video 1908 Austria 25,000 year old statue of a women, the Venus of Willendorf Made from limestone It is the most valued object in the natural history museum Her features are deliberate Other countries have made statues like this one Her exaggerated features baffle people Paleolithic Objects Lecture BCE- before the common era Stone age- called that because of archeological findings of stone tools Old stone age- Paleolithic period New stone age- Neolithic period Lithic- greek for stone Paleo- greek for old Neo- greek for new Paleolithic Art Cro-Magnons were the first people to create works of art Used natural materials (stone, clay, ivory, bone and earth) Ukraine and Russia Mammoth bone structures 16,000-10,000 BCE Doorways and roof supports were made of the mammoth tusks Found in small settlements with up to 10 houses each Had a central fire pit where daily activities took place Larger dwellings had multiple fire pits and individual places set aside for different uses and some dwellings had pigmented floors Lion Human hybrid Oldest human sculptures 30,000-40,0000 years old Made around 30,000 BCE Found in Germany Carved out of mammoth ivory Discovered in 1969 presented in 200 tiny fragments Finally reconstructed in 2001 Arguments about whether it is a male or female figure Women/Venus of Willendorf Found in 1908 in Austria Made around 24,000 BCE The limestone used to make this statue is not native to the area It is very likely that this figure was carried from another place suggesting that she was important to the whomever brought her to Willendorf A compilation of every aspect of female fertility The figure represents an ideal of being well fed With her vagina shown prominently, it can be seen as an ideal fertile figure The name Venus was a joke due to the modern interpretations of beauty Venus like figure- Czech Republic Women 23,000 BCE Carved from hematite (iron ore) Shows an ideal form closer to our own modern form Shows her one hip is higher than the other suggesting that she is walking Sculpted female face from France The finding was not recorded or lost Sculpted around 30,000 BCE Carved from ivory Example of an abstracted representation of a human head May have been a portrait
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