Sociology 101- Class Notes for 1/19/16
Sociology 101- Class Notes for 1/19/16 SOC101
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sophia Mattera on Monday February 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC101 at Arizona State University taught by Dr. Richard Fey in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 49 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Arizona State University.
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Date Created: 02/01/16
Sociology 101- Class Notes for 1/19/16 Sociology: the systematic study of human society Systematic o Scientific discipline that focuses attention on patterns of behavior Sociology is a lot to do with figuring out why people do what they do Ways data is collected for sociological research: o Observing o Recording o Interviewing Very few controlled experiments are done in sociology. Human society: o Group behavior is the primary focus; how groups influence individuals and vice versa Groups influence individuals, and individuals influence groups, it is a circular cycle. The “truth” behind common sense: o Not everything we hold will be true in every circumstance Sociological Perspective: o Seeing situations through a sociological lenses Sociological Perspective o It is important because it allows us to see the difference between macro and micro Macro- institutional level Micro- personal interactions o Creates a les ethnocentric view of the world Ethnocentric: evaluating other cultures in relation to ones own culture o Helps us to see the general in the particular Sociological Imagination o Society is responsible for many of our problems o Being able to differentiate between society and one’s personal troubles and responsibilities Social Paradigms o Theory: a statement of how and why facts are related o Paradigm: a set of fundamental assumptions that guide thinking o There are never any wrong theories because they simply try to explain a relation; o Different theories try to explain the same circumstance using different perspectives Macro theory: o a theory aimed at understanding the “big picture” of institutions, whole societies, and the interactions among societies Micro Theory: o A theory aimed at understanding social life at the intimate level of individuals and their interactions Durkheim o “Father of sociology” o Created the scientific discipline of sociology Durkheim’s theory of suicide o More likely to commit suicide: Male Protestants who were wealthy and unmarried o Less likely to commit suicide: Males who were Jewish or Catholic, who were poor and married o The religions which people believed we a big key to this theory. The protestant religion at the time was more focused on the individual and individual success; where as Catholic and Jewish religions of the time were more group oriented. This is why he believed that unmarried Protestants were more likely to commit suicide, because they did not have the support system that married Catholics or Jews had.
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