Psychology 110 Week 1 Notes
Psychology 110 Week 1 Notes Psychology 110
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Donna Park on Monday February 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psychology 110 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Alexander Khaddouma in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 66 views. For similar materials see PSY 110 in Psychlogy at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.
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Date Created: 02/01/16
PSYCHOLOGY AND SCIENTIFIC THINKING -Psychology- scientific study of the mind, brain, and behavior -Psychology involves: -multiple levels of analysis -multiple determinants for observable phenomena -accounting for individual variation -multiple methods for studying phenomenon DEFINING PSYCHOLOGY -so what do psychologists actually study? -some use mice and some use people to experiment SCIENTIFIC THEORY -an explanation for a large number of findings in the natural world -based on observations (e.g. gravity, tectonic plates, genetics) -allow us to make predictions about that which we have not yet observed -how quickly an item will fall to the ground, locations of future earthquakes, likelihood of inheriting a genetic disorder HYPOTHESES -A prediction made based on a scientific theory THE ISSUE -Confirmation Bias -the tendency to seek out the evidence that supports our hypotheses and deny, dismiss, or distort evidence that contradicts them -Meta-physical Claims -cannot betted with the scientific method PSEUDOSCIENCE -A set of claims that seem scientific, but are not -Rampant in “pop psychology” -Apophenia -tendency to perceive meaningful connections among unrelated phenomena -Pareidolia -tendency to perceive meaningful images in meaningless visual stimuli -Thinking scientifically -foundations of scientific evaluation -ruling out rival hypothesis -differentiating correlation from causation -shark attacks and ice cream sales have nothing to do with each other, yet they correlate -Falsifiability (we want to be proven wrong) -Replicability- for any findings to be accurate, you have to repeat it several times for it to be accurate -parsimony (occam’s razor)- the simplest explanation is often the most accurate applies to things like schizophrenia (it carries from issues with he brain like the shape of the brain etc., easier than saying demon possession because that is including things from the outside world etc. -it requires a lot of extra information. so if one explanation is more complex, it’s simpler than the other explanation about things like saying schizophrenia is demonic possession. It is easier to use the complex definition of what schizophrenia by scientific terms
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