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Week 1, Lecture 1 Notes

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by: Victoria Greco

Week 1, Lecture 1 Notes PSYC 4200 (Industrial and Organizational Psychology)

Victoria Greco

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Lecture 1 Notes
Industrial and Organizational Psychology
Holly Traver
Class Notes
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"Amazing. Wouldn't have passed this test without these notes. Hoping this notetaker will be around for the final!"
Rachel Runte

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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Victoria Greco on Monday February 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 4200 (Industrial and Organizational Psychology) at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute taught by Holly Traver in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 49 views. For similar materials see Industrial and Organizational Psychology in Psychlogy at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.


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Date Created: 02/01/16
Lecture 1:    Industrial and Organizational Psychology:​  Application of psychological principles & theories in  the workplace. “The study of how people behave and interact at work”    Industrial: Organizational:  ­job analysis  ­motivation  ­training ­work attitudes  ­selection ­leadership  ­performance management/appraisal ­org structure, culture &  processes      Training:    Professional Association: SIOP ­ Society for Industrial ­ Organizational Psychology  (​ )    Approach to training IO psychologists is the Scientist/Practitioner Model.    Most IO psychologists have a Ph.D or masters degree.    Main goal of graduate training in IO psychology is to develop competencies.      Sample Competencies:  ­attitude theory, measurement, and change  ­ethical, legal, & professional contexts of IO  ­individual differences  ­job/task analysis & classification  ­research methods  ­statistical methods/data analysis  ­training: theory, program design & evaluation    *side note about Influence (when you want someone to do something):  ­commitment (see value in job)  ­compliance (eh, I’ll just do it)  ­resistance (ignore, procrastinate, resist)      What do IO Psychologists do?  ­Most IO Psychologists chose a career that emphasizes:  ­research & science  ­practice  ­Practitioners typically work in consulting firms, private organization      History:    Pre­World War 1:  ­Walter Dill Scott  ­gave talk on psych of advertising in 1901 (birth of IO psych)  Published the Theory of Advertising in 1903  ­Hugo Munsterberg  ­Published psychology & industrial efficiency in 1913  ­IO psych was developed earlier and faster in europe    The 1930’s to Pre­World War 2:  ­Period marked by the great depression  ­Greater focused on social and psychological conditions of work  ­Team development, supervision, group process, motivation    World War 2 to the Mid­1960’s:  ­return to IO psychologists to military  ­research centers emerged: ARI, AFHRL  ­organizational psychology emerged as equal to “I” side (industrial side)  ­IO graduate programs (training) increased    Mid­1960’s to Mid­1980’s:  ­Division 14 of APA became “Industrial and Organizational Psychology” (1970)  ­selection & performance appraisal were the focus reflection of civil rights movement  ­motivation, attitudes, and job characteristics were “hot­topics”    **Civil Rights Act 1964 to protect groups: race, sex, national origin, religion, & creed    Mid 1980’s to today:  ­rapid growth of IO field, current SIOP membership ~3,900 professionals: 3,000 students        What issues will affect IO psych & vice versa in the 21st century?  ­Global Competition: need to have skilled, well­trained, & competent workforce  ­Downsizing: assist laid­off workers compete for new jobs           ­ help downsizing “survivors: handle diverse jobs & workload  ­Technology­related changes: understanding causes and outcomes of these tech &  cultural changes  ­Ethics: examining the antecedents of bad choices and using IO to prevent problems 


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