Intro to International Relations Week 1 Notes
Intro to International Relations Week 1 Notes 32124
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ellie Gluhosky on Monday February 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 32124 at University of Montana taught by Karen Adams in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 59 views. For similar materials see PSCI 230X-01 in Public Relations at University of Montana.
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Date Created: 02/01/16
Week 1 Notes (International Relations) International Politics (Interstate Politics) International Relations is a synonym Politics can be any two people having a dyadic relation, political theory can be used to understand the relationship. Narrow definition- relations among states; Broader definition- relations among states and other actors. International Political Actors States- actor with sovereignty over an area, governmental body imposing, interpreting and enforcing laws. o Hierarchy over territory o UN has approx. 193 members United Nations- Organization that has members that are generally states but not always, ex. Somalia still has a seat. (ISIS does not have a seat, however can be argued that it is a sovereign nation) o Within most territories, there is a hierarchal system rather than an anarchal system. Hierarchy can have weaknesses, some systems are more effective than others. The US specifically has weak aspects of the hierarchal system. o An effective state operates by being the only authority figure in a given territory, ex. Chinese (however Somalia is a contested area). o Sovereignty- being the actor that enforces the policy and ideology of a territory. General rule- if you are recognized by another state, you are a state. o Countries- places on a map that may or may not be states o Nation- ethnic groups or civic groups of people who have a common identity o Ethnic Groups- common history, religion and traditions US is a multinational state, however we have a civic American identity. Country borders are often drawn to choose a specific ethnic group to rule, ex. Iran (multiethnic state). Most states cover multiple nations. o Nation-state- ex. Japan, does not cover multiple nations Non-state actors o Substate actors- ex. Navajo people, any ethnic group that resides within a certain territory. o Transnational actors- actors that cross state borders, work or operate past state boundaries Multinational cooperations- have a home base where taxes are paid but operate in other state actors. Churches, non-profits, etc. International Governmental Organizations- states and members: World Bank, UN, NATO, NAFTA Nongovernmental Organizations- Amnesty International, National Red- Cross, etc. We have an international anarchy however some people think that IGOs could possibly create an international hierarchy. o Individuals: Jimmy Carter, Nelson Mandela, etc. International Political Outcomes Conflict- difference of preferences, can manifest in many ways: war or diplomatic disagreement o The conflict spectrum: 1. Latent disagreement 2. Escalated diplomatically 3. Economic sanctions 4. Raids (limited war) 5. WWII 6. Total War Cooperation- agreement to work together to achieve common preferences o The cooperation spectrum: 1. No cooperation (isolation autarky) 2. SADCC 3. NATO 4. UN 5. Total Cooperation Causes of International Political Outcomes Theories- recurring events and patterns, can explain, predict and describe Histories- very particular, very time dependent o Difference between political scientists and historians IR Theories- why things happen (Realism and Idealism) o Levels of analysis Individual- certain kinds, certain similarities, ex. human nature State- certain kinds are more likely to be belligerent or peaceful, nature of hierarchy effects national level. International- context of international government Global- interests that global leaders share, common goals, ex. climate change, technology, communication, etc.
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