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Week 2 Notes

by: Clara Wimberly

Week 2 Notes HI 1073

Clara Wimberly

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These notes cover material that will be tested, but keep in mind these are notes and the study guides will have the details you need for the test.
Modern US History
Alison Greene
Class Notes
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Clara Wimberly on Monday February 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HI 1073 at Mississippi State University taught by Alison Greene in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 67 views. For similar materials see Modern US History in History at Mississippi State University.


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Date Created: 02/01/16
Class 3 The Legacy of White Supremacy Overview 1) Exclusion – Jim Crow in the south, immigration restrictions 2) Assimilation – “Americanization” of European immigrants and Native Americans 3) Imperialism – Aggressive foreign policy towards darker­skinned nations White Supremacy North, South, and West The Populists Fall Regional and racial division Two party system Money Democrats adopted free silver Segregation wasn’t a new system, it was an old idea De facto segregation The informal practice of segregation, by custom occurred both in the North and  South intermittently  De jure segregation Segregation codified into law, instituted in the South from 1890­ 1915 Newspaper editor, Alexander Manly Wilmington, North Carolina 1896 Newspaper editor: Alexander Manly Grandchild of a master and slave relationship Wilmington Race Riot, Alex Waddel White democrats burned his papers and killed 8­300 black middle class people. Lynching and its victims Jim Crow Arrives in the South Transition from de facto segregation to de jure segregation White Southerner imposed white supremacy ­racist propaganda to stir up fear ­race riots ­lynching White southerners disfranchised black voters: ­literacy test ­Poll tax (cumulative) ­White Democratic primary Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) Upheld “separate but equal” accommodations Homer Plessy Williams vs. Mississippi (1898) Upheld disfranchisement via literary claims, a grandfather claim, or a poll tax  Central question at the turn of the 20  century:  Who gets to be an American? Who will have the rights of full citizenship? Dawes Act of 1887 Allowed the President to distribute land to Native Americans who severed themselves from their tribe Assimilation Chinese Immigrants in the West New immigrants were treated differently than older immigrants Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 Chinese people couldn’t gain US citizenship Nativism: Anti immigrant fears ­ That Anglo­Saxons would be outnumbered ­ Foreign languages ­ Catholicism ­ Economic competition ­ Local political power Lead to exclusion of immigrants, particularly Jews, from clubs, parks, and private schools Class 4 America Takes Charge  Overview ­“The white man’s burden” and changing ideas of empire ­The Spanish American war ­Policing the hemisphere  ­“Big stick” diplomacy ­Panama Canal 1903 ­Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine ­Taft and Dollar Diplomacy ­Wilson and practical idealism Before the 20  century, America wasn’t big in a national sense At the turn of the century, that significantly changed.  Why did the U.S. want to become a world power? Belief in racial and cultural superiority/white supremacy  Religion: Christianize the world Politics: Democratize the world Strategy: gain control of the oceans Alfred Thayer Mahan “The Influence of Sea Power Upon History” Honolulu, Hawaii 1890 American missionaries were there sharing Jesus, but also buying up land.  In 1875, the American sector boomed the sugar industry in Hawaii  Queen Lilioukalami passed laws limiting American power in her nation In 1893, American sailors came in and threw the Queen out and took over McKinley then made Hawaii an American territory 1898 First American effort to claim territory outside the U.S. Cuba Fights for Independence from Spain, 1895­1898 Ten years of guerilla war had followed a Cuban revolt in 1868. The movement for  independence resumed in 1895. As reports circulated of widespread suffering caused by  the Spanish policy of rounding up civilians and moving them into detention camps, the  Cuban struggle won growing support in the United States.  Yellow Journalism Feb. 15, 1898, the American battleship Maine was bombed.  “Remember the Maine, to Hell with Spain!!” President McKinley in April asked Congress for a declaration of war. The war  only lasted 4 months and resulted in fewer than 400 American combat deaths.  Theodore Roosevelt and the Rough Riders Conditions of Cuban “self rule” No treaties with foreign affairs U.S. must be allowed to interfere at will U.S. must be allowed access to Cuban land This made Cuba an American colony basically.  1901­ Cuban Constitutional Convention accepted these conditions War in the Phillipines, 1898­1902 McKinley went after Spanish colonies after Cuba After that, Americans stayed in Phillipines Filipino rebel leader, Emilio Aguinaldo went after remaining Americans and started  guerilla warfare. Americans Against the Empire Mark Twai among the anti­imperialists Theodore Roosevelt “Big Stick Democracy” 1903­ Panama Canal Roosevelt Corollary Monroe Doctrine (1823) Called for end of European colonization in the Western Hemisphere. Roosevelt Corollary (1905) ­United States declared unilateral right to intervene in the affairs of all countries    in the Western Hemisphere ­Declared itself an “international police power” prepared to ensure all Western  nations act in a “civilized manner”


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