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SOC wk 2 notes

by: Brianna Balzer-Martinez

SOC wk 2 notes 12326

Brianna Balzer-Martinez

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These notes are from week 2, February 1st- 5th
Deviance (Soc 213-001)
Professor Niame Adele
Class Notes
soc, deviance, week 2, notes, sociology
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brianna Balzer-Martinez on Monday February 1, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 12326 at University of New Mexico taught by Professor Niame Adele in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Deviance (Soc 213-001) in Sociology at University of New Mexico.


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Date Created: 02/01/16
SOC wk 2 Phenomological theory- (Ethnomethology existential sociology) addresses subjectivity and charges positivists with actual studying their own conception of deviance  This model is related to Max Webers research requirements for “value freedom” and letting the people studied tell their own stories “verstehen”  All professionals interpret the world from their own tool set of knowledge create in the abstract, which includes lingo, professional closure, and sets up background assumptions  Is there any objectivity?  Concrete experience will give a truer view  Ethnography as a method in-depth interviews and observation  I.e. Transsexual people see themselves as normal, but with a physical “defect” that can't and should be corrected Conflict theory- based on Marxin logic of different class or group interest. Marx writings were mostly suppressed in the U.S. So an American version of conflict was created.  The employer wants cheap labor and high profits. While the working class wants good work, job security, benefits, and a fair share of the profit they create for the owner.  What kind of deviance do we see in the work place based on the different interests  Class conflict- between the “haves and the have nots”  Cultural conflict- between different or competing norms and values honor killings, FGM, street gangs Legan reality theory- 2 kinds of law, ideal and real  Ideal based on the constitution- protection from abuse of power  Real based on reaction to social forces  The U.S. Inherited its legal system form England- transgression against the state- multiple level legal system  I.e. Legislature, judiciary (criminal and civil) and juries  More powerful influence creation of law,historical changes (immigration) and organizational imperatives (FBI) Social reality theory- Quincey (1974)- “criminal law is used by the state and the ruling class to secure the capitalistic system and as a capitalist society is further threatened by its own contradictions criminal law will increasingly be used in the attempt to maintain domestic order”  Critical model 1. Dominant class defines as criminal behaviors the threaten its interests 2. Dominant class applies law through legislation and local law enforcement 3. Subordinate class engage in behavior they are pressured into by marginality 4. Combined action reinforces ideology Marxist theory- deviance can be traced to the exploitive nature of capitalism  Profit motive to decrease cost mans value taken from worker (and product), creates social strain and leads to conflict  Marginal surplus population  Structurally- induced poverty leads to all kinds of conflict  “Coercive-control”= employer abuse and threats  capitalism also creates alive deviance through profit motive Feminist theory- critique that all theories assume gender neutrality and most theories actually reflect male behavior, which may not apply to female behavior- interested in the difference of experience  Women are differently motivated  Women in patriarchal society socialized differently then men  Women are less likely to engage in deviant behaviors as a result of their diminished access to means of success  Women are more likely victimized in certain crime category Power theory- one’s location in the power structure influence the types of deviance on engages in  Power as a cause of deviance- profitable deviancy- banker more likely to seceretly rob costumes then a jobless person is likely to violently rob a bank  The powerful have 1. Stronger motivation for deviance 2. Greater opportunity to offend 3. Are subject to less social control  Now we also know that wealth and privilege isolate people from the realities faced by those in slower social class and inhibited development of compassion  I.e. Lower class murderers are more likely to be executed for killing one person than a corporation murderer will be for killing several people Postmodern theory- questions modern values of rationality and objectivity associated with science and technology  There is no objective truth and we must use a method of “deconstruction” to reveal the underlying assumption and contradictions  They must break apart “linguistic dominant” (related to definition of the situation) and reveal discursive practices


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